Professor of Biology
Graduate Program Director, Biology
Ecologist, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, MD
Ph.D., Ecology, Duke University, NC
Master of Environmental Management, Duke University, NC
B.S., Biology, Harding University, AR
Ecological Data Analysis (BIO 5413)
Stream Ecology (BIO 5405)
Visualizing Data in R (BIO 5100)
Aquatic Biology (BIO 4406)
Modern Concepts of Bioscience II (BIO 1306)
Freshwater Science to Inform PolicyMy research lab group is interested broadly in aquatic ecosystems, whether they be marine or freshwater, flowing or still. Our primary focus is understanding environmental factors that influence the structure and functioning of aquatic communities--that is, interacting assemblages of species. We are interested in fundamental questions in ecology but apply our basic understanding of aquatic communities to evaluate and predict how human alterations may affect ecosystems.
We have particular expertise in (1) modeling responses of organisms to novel environmental gradients (e.g., urbanization, nutrient overenrichment) in freshwater and estuarine ecosystems, (2) using landscape theory and geospatial tools to link watershed patterns to aquatic ecosystem processes across broad spatial scales, and (3) coupling experiments with field studies to identify causal linkages between stressors and biological responses.
Our lab is a dynamic group and we interact with faculty in several other labs and departments at Baylor. We also collaborate heavily with scientists from other institutions, ranging from state agencies, federal research labs, and other universities. We are always interested in developing collaborative relationships with researchers from other institutions and actively seek funding to participate on multi-disciplinary integrative projects with the goal of generating scientific evidence for sound management of aquatic ecosystems.
Recent Publications (2010-2015)
King, R. S., M. Scoggins, and A. Porras. 2016. Stream biodiversity is disproportionately lost to urbanization when flow permanence declines: evidence from southwestern North America. Freshwater Science 35:340-352.
Baker, L. F.* , R. S. King, J. M. Unrine, G. V. Lowry, and C. W. Matson. 2015. Press or pulse exposures determine the environmental fate of cerium nanoparticles in stream mesocosms. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
King, R. S., R. A. Brain, J. A. Back, C. Becker, M.V. Wright*, V. T Djomte*, W. C Scott*, S. R. Virgil, B. W. Brooks, A. J. Hosmer, and C. K Chambliss. 2015. Effects of pulsed atrazine exposures on autotrophic community structure, biomass, and production in field-based stream mesocosms. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry DOI: 10.1002/etc.3213
Voss, K.*, R. S. King, and E. H. Bernhardt. 2015. From a line in the sand to a landscape of decisions: A Hierarchical Diversity Decision Framework (HiDDeF) for estimating and communicating biodiversity loss along anthropogenic gradients. Methods in Ecology and Evolution DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12379
Labay, B.J., D. A. Hendrickson, A. E. Cohen, T. H. Bonner, R. S. King, L.J. Kleinsasser, G. W. Linam, and K. O. Winemiller. 2015. Can Species Distribution Models Aid Bioassessment when Reference Sites are Lacking? Tests Based on Freshwater Fishes. Environmental Management DOI: 10.1007/s00267-015-0567-0.
Pease, A. A., J. M. Taylor*, K. O. Winemiller, and R. S. King . 2015. Functional trait diversity and trait-environment relationships in central Texas stream fish assemblages: implications for biomonitoring. Hydrobiologia 10.1007/s10750-015-2235-z. (cover photo, Etheostoma spectabile, by RS King).
Ray, J. W.*, M. Husemann*, R. S. King, and P. D. Danley. 2015. Life at the leading edge: genetic impoverishment of the spotted bass, Micropterus punctulatus, at its Western edge Environmental Biology of Fishes DOI 10.1007/s10641-015-0400-x. PDF
Callahan, M.K., M. C. Rains, J. C. Bellino, C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham and R. S. King. 2015. Controls on temperature in salmonid-bearing headwater streams in two common hydrogeologic settings, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Journal of the American Water Resources Association DOI: 10.1111/jawr.12235 PDF
Taylor, J. M.*, R.S. King, A. Pease, and K.O. Winemiller. 2014. Nonlinear response in stream ecosystem structure to low level phosphorus enrichment. Freshwater Biology 59:969-984
Dekar, M. P.*, C. McCauley*, J. W. Ray*, and R. S. King. 2014. Thermal tolerance, survival, and recruitment among cyprinids exposed to competition and chronic heat stress in experimental streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society in press.
King, R.S. and M.E. Baker. 2014. Use, misuse, and limitations of Threshold Indicator Taxa Analysis (TITAN) for natural resource management. In: G. Guntenspergen (editor), Ecological Thresholds for Resource Management. In press.
Richardson, C. J. and R. S. King. 2013. A primer on sampling plant communities in wetlands. pp. 197-224 In: Methods in Biogeochemistry of Wetlands. Soil Science Society of America.
Back, J.A., and R. S. King. 2013. Sex and size matter: Ontogenetic patterns of nutrient content of aquatic insects. Freshwater Science 32:837-848
Baker, M.E., and R. S. King. 2013. Of TITAN and straw men: an appeal for greater understanding of community data. Freshwater Science 32:489-506.
Lang, D.A.*, R.S. King, and J.T. Scott. 2012. Divergent responses of biomass and enzyme activities suggest differential nutrient limitation in stream periphyton. Freshwater Science 31:1096-1104.
Husemann, M.*, J. W. Ray*, R. S. King, E. Hooser*, and P.D. Danley. 2012. Comparative biogeography reveals differences in population genetic structure of five species of stream fishes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2012.01973.x
Bernhardt, E. S., B. D. Lutz, R. S. King, A. M. Helton, C. A. Carter, J. P. Fay, D. Campagna, J. Amos. 2012. How many mountains can we mine? Assessing the regional degradation of Central Appalachian rivers by surface coal mining. Environmental Science & Technology 46: 8115’8122
Ray, J.W.*, M. Husemann*, R. S. King, and P. D. Danley. 2012. Genetic analysis reveals dispersal of Florida bass haplotypes from reservoirs to rivers in central Texas. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:1269’1273
Stanley, C. E.*, J. M. Taylor*, and R. S. King. 2012. Coupling fish community structure with instream flow and habitat connectivity between two hydrologically extreme years. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:1000-1015.
Taylor, J. M.*, J. A. Back*, T. W. Valenti*, and R. S. King. 2012. Fish-mediated nutrient cycling and benthic microbial processes: Can consumers influence stream nutrient cycling at multiple spatial scales? Freshwater Science 31:928-944.
Studds, C. E., W. V. DeLuca, M. E. Baker, R. S. King, and P. P. Marra. 2012. Land cover and rainfall interact to shape waterbird community composition. PLoS One 7.e35969, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035969.
King, R. S., C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham, S. J. Baird, and J. A. Back*. 2012. Catchment topography and wetland geomorphology drive macroinvertebrate community structure and juvenile salmonid distributions in southcentral Alaska headwater streams. Freshwater Science 31:341-364
Walker, C. M., R. S. King, Whigham, D. W.,and S. J. Baird. 2012. Landscape and wetland influences on headwater stream chemistry in the Kenai Lowlands, Alaska. Wetlands 32:301-310
Taylor, J. M.*, J. A. Back*, and R. S. King. 2012. Grazing minnows increase benthic autotrophy and enhance the response of periphyton elemental composition to experimental phosphorus additions. Freshwater Science 31:451-462
Whigham, D. W., C. M. Walker, R. S. King, and S. J. Baird. 2012. Multiple scales of influence on wetland vegetation associated with headwater streams in Alaska, USA. Wetlands 32:411-422
Dekar, M. P.*, R. S. King, C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham, and J. A. Back*. 2012. Allochthonous inputs from grass-dominated wetlands support juvenile salmonids in headwater streams: evidence from stable isotopes of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Freshwater Science 31:121-132.
Shaftel, R. S.*, R. S. King, and J. A. Back*. 2012. Alder cover drives nitrogen availability in Kenai Peninsula headwater streams, Alaska. Biogeochemistry 107:135-148
Pease, A. A.^, J. M. Taylor*^, K. O. Winemiller, and R. S. King. 2011. Multiscale environmental influences on fish assemblage structure in central Texas streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140:1409-1427. ^equal contributors
King, R. S., M. E. Baker, P. F. Kazyak, and D. E. Weller. 2011. How novel is too novel? Stream community thresholds at exceptionally low levels of catchment urbanization. Ecological Applications 21:1659-1678
Valenti, T. W.*, J.M. Taylor*, J.A. Back*, R.S. King, and B. W. Brooks. 2011. Influence of drought and total phosphorus on diel pH in wadeable streams: Implications for ecological risk assessment of ionizable contaminants. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 7:636-647
Shaftel, R. S.*, R. S. King, and J. A. Back*. 2011. Breakdown rates, nutrient quality, and macroinvertebrate colonization of bluejoint grass litter in headwater streams of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30:386-398.
King, R. S.^ and M. E. Baker^. 2011. An alternative view of ecological community thresholds and appropriate analyses for their detection. Ecological Applications 21:2833-2839 ^equal contributors
Baker, M. E.^ and R. S. King.^ 2010. A new method for detecting and interpreting biodiversity and ecological community thresholds. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1:25-37. ^equal contributors
King, R. S. and M. E. Baker. 2010. Considerations for analyzing ecological community thresholds in response to anthropogenic environmental gradients. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29:998-1008.
Dodds, W. K., W. H. Clements, K. Gido, R.H. Hilderbrand, and R. S. King. 2010. Thresholds, breakpoints, and non-linearity in freshwater systems as related to management. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29:988-997
*Student or postdoc