Baylor University
Department of Biology
College of Arts and Sciences

Baylor > Biology > Undergraduate Programs > Career Resources
Career Resources

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES - What can I do with this degree?

AREAS

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Research and Development Laboratory Testing Education

GENETICS

Research and Development related to: Animals Plants Humans

Genetic Counseling Education

MICROBIOLOGY

Research and Development Education Quality Control

EMPLOYERS

Colleges and universities Pharmaceutical companies Agricultural industry including fertilizer

manufacturers and animal and plant breeding and production Federal and state government laboratories and agencies Industry, particularly biotechnology firms

Colleges and universities Pharmaceutical companies Large producers of seed, livestock, and poultry Government laboratories such as:

Department of Agriculture Fish and Wildlife Service National Institutes of Health

Biotechnology industry Hospitals and medical centers

Colleges and universities Private research foundations Government research laboratories and service

agencies Hospitals and public health facilities Agricultural experiment stations Food, chemical, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic

companies

Industry including wood products, paper, textiles, optical equipment, leather, and electrical equipment

Environmental and pollution control agencies

STRATEGIES

Become proficient using laboratory equipment and computers.

Acquire a Ph.D. for college and university teaching and advanced positions in research, development, and management.

Take additional courses in chemistry, physics, mathematics.

Complete an undergraduate laboratory research project with a professor.

Acquire a broad background in sciences, mathematics, and computer technology. Obtain a Ph.D. for teaching and advanced positions in research and management. Earn a master's degree from an accredited program for genetic counseling. Complete an undergraduate research project with a professor. Find a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest.

Obtain a Ph.D. for teaching and advanced research and management positions. Develop additional competencies in chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Take courses related to your field of interest or consider an advanced degree to specialize. Find a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest. Complete an undergraduate research project with a professor. Develop strong skills using laboratory equipment and computers.


BOTANY

Education Research and Development Conservation Production Quality Control Administration

SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY

Education Research and Development Taxonomy Conservation Consulting Administration

ENTOMOLOGY

Education Research and Development Toxicology Conservation Quality Control

EMPLOYERS

Colleges and universities Medical and private research laboratories Pharmaceutical industry Industries and laboratories involved in production

of food, textiles, chemical, and forestry products State and federal government, especially the

Departments of Agriculture, Interior, and Health Botanical gardens and arboretums National and international environmental

organizations

Colleges, universities, and agricultural colleges Federal agencies including Departments of

Agriculture and Interior State and local agencies Private research foundations Museums Botanical gardens and arboretums Zoos and aquariums Public health laboratories Hospitals National and international environmental

organizations

Colleges and universities, especially colleges of agriculture and veterinary medicine Industry including food producers and processors,

chemicals for insect control, and lumber and pulp Chemical companies Pest control companies Federal and state government Health agencies Agricultural experiment stations Inspection agencies and control boards Conservation agencies

STRATEGIES

Conduct undergraduate research with professors. Join related professional organizations. Take courses in this specialized area or consider an

advanced degree for more opportunities. Take courses in organic chemistry, biochemistry, and physics. Obtain a Ph.D. for teaching and advanced positions in research and management. Complete a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest.

Earn a Ph.D. for college and university teaching and

advanced research and management positions. Develop excellent laboratory and computer skills. Get involved with undergraduate research with

professors. Join related professional organizations. Complete a related internship with an organization in

the area of your interest.

Acquire a Ph.D. for college and university teaching and advanced research and management positions.

Conduct undergraduate research with professors. Join related professional organizations. Take courses in this specialized area or consider an

advanced degree for more opportunities. Complete a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest.


MARINE AND AQUATIC BIOLOGY

Research and Development Education Administration Production Quality Control Conservation

ZOOLOGY

Animal Care/Training Research and Development Conservation Administration Education

BIOMEDICAL

Physiology Biophysics Biochemistry Pharmacology Immunology Pathology Research and Development Education Quality Control

EMPLOYERS

Federal, state, and local government Inspection organizations Private recreation organizations Research laboratories Colleges and universities Zoos and aquariums Fish hatcheries National and international environmental agencies

Wildlife preserves and parks

Zoos, aquariums, and other collections of animals

Museums

Research organizations

Pharmaceutical, chemical, and agricultural service industries

Federal, state, and local government

Colleges and universities

Veterinary hospitals

Clinics and hospitals

Colleges and universities

Professional schools including colleges of pharmacy, dentistry, medicine, veterinary medicine, and agriculture

Clinics and hospitals

Private research foundations

Pharmaceutical companies

Federal laboratories and regulatory agencies

Independent testing laboratories

Public health departments

Agricultural experiment stations

Industrial laboratories including chemical, petroleum, food processing, drug, and cosmetic manufacturers

STRATEGIES

Develop a good foundation in mathematics, physics, computer science, statistics, and chemistry.

Acquire a Ph.D. for college and university teaching and advanced research and management positions.

Obtain experience related to fishing and boating.

Complete a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest.

Take specialized courses in this area or consider an advanced degree for more opportunities.

Obtain experience working with animals and various related laboratory equipment.

Develop a broad background in biology and other related subjects such as chemistry, physics, mathematics, and statistics.

Obtain a Ph.D. for teaching and advanced research and management positions.

Complete a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest.

A zoological background is good preparation for a career in veterinary science or medicine, but an advanced degree is also required to practice.

Obtain a Ph.D. for college and university teaching and advanced research positions. Acquire a background in physics, organic and physical chemistry, mathematics, and anatomy.

Take courses in area(s) of specialization and/or consider an advanced degrees; some may require an M.D.

Complete a related internship with an organization in the area of your interest.

BIOINFORMATICS

Research and Development Education

EDUCATION

Teaching Non-classroom Education

HEALTHCARE

Medicine Dentistry Optometry Podiatry Chiropracty Pharmacy Veterinary Medicine Allied Health

Occupational Therapy Physical Therapy

TECHNICAL AND PHARMACEUTICAL SALES

EMPLOYERS

Biotechnology industry Pharmaceutical companies Government research laboratories Universities and colleges

Universities and colleges Medical and other professional schools Public and private schools, K-12 Museums Zoos Nature centers and parks

Hospitals Medical centers Nursing homes Private practice Government agencies Armed forces Home health organizations Universities and schools Nonprofit organizations

Manufacturing firms including: Pharmaceuticals Animal pharmaceuticals Laboratory equipment Medical supplies and prostheses

STRATEGIES

Double major or minor in computer science.

Acquire experience working in teams.

Develop in-depth programming and relational database skills. Learn molecular biology packages, web design, and programming skills. Complete an internship in your area of interest.

Certification is required for K-12 school teachers, and Ph.D. is needed in universities and colleges.

Gain experience working with students through tutoring, interning, or volunteering.

Learn to work well with all types of people.

Develop excellent interpersonal and public speaking skills.

Plan to attend a medical school or other related graduate program. Maintain an outstanding grade point average, particularly in the sciences.

Secure strong faculty recommendations.

Meet with a pre-health advisor periodically.

Join related student organizations. Demonstrate leadership abilities. Obtain a summer job, volunteer position, or an internship in a hospital. Develop a back up plan in case medical/graduate school admission is denied. Consider alternative but related careers such as physician assistant and nurse practitioner.

Develop excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Take courses in anatomy, pharmacology, and chemistry.

Obtain sales experience and/or a business minor.

Hold leadership positions in campus organizations.

Join the student American Marketing Association.

LEGISLATION/LAW

Lobbying Regulatory Affairs Science Policy Patent Law Environmental Law

BIOLOGICAL PHOTOGRAPHY

TECHNICAL WRITING

Writing

Editing

ILLUSTRATION

EMPLOYERS

Federal and state government Law firms Large corporations

Major medical, dental, and veterinary schools Research centers Federal government Museums Zoological and environmental societies Publishing houses Free-lance

Newspapers

Publishing companies including scientific magazines, professional journals, periodicals, textbooks, and online publishers

Medical and veterinary colleges

Publishing companies including scientific magazines, professional journals, periodicals, textbooks, and online publishers

Educational and scientific software companies Medical and veterinary colleges

STRATEGIES

Acquire internships in federal or state government.

Develop excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Acquire a Ph.D for advanced positions. Take courses in history, political science and/or legal studies.

Earn a J.D. degree to practice law.

Acquire thorough knowledge of photographic procedures and technology.

Become skilled with medical and scientific instruments including microscopes.

Take specific courses in biological, medical, and ophthalmic photography; courses in illustration and printing are also helpful.

Take advanced courses in technical writing or journalism classes or consider a minor in either. Develop strong writing skills and command of the English language. Obtain an advanced degree in scientific journalism.

Double major or minor in graphic illustration. Acquire word processing and desktop publishing skills. Find a part-time, summer, co-op or internship position with a publisher or newspaper.

GENERAL INFORMATION

  1. A Bachelor's degree will qualify one for work as a laboratory assistant, technician, technologist, or research assistant in education, industry, government, museums, parks, and gardens.
  2. An undergraduate degree can also be used for nontechnical work in writing, illustration, sales, photography, and legislation.
  3. Master's degrees allow for more opportunities in research and administration. Some community colleges will hire Master's level teachers.
  4. Doctoral degrees are necessary for advanced research and administrative positions, university teaching, and independent research.
  5. An advanced degree provides the opportunity to specialize under the different areas of the biological sciences.
  6. The biological sciences are good preparation for a career in healthcare such as medicine, dentistry, and veterinary science, but professional degrees and licenses are also necessary to practice in these fields.
  7. Learn laboratory procedures and become familiar with equipment.
  8. Obtain summer, part-time, volunteer, co-op, or internship experience to test the fields of interest and gain valuable experience.
  9. Develop strong computer, mathematics, and verbal and written communications skills.
  10. Join professional associations and community organizations to stay abreast of current issues in the field and to develop networking contacts.
  11. Read scientific journals related to your area of interest.
  12. Maintain a high grade point average to improve chances of graduate and professional school admission.
  13. Become familiar with the specific entrance exam for graduate or professional schools in your area of interest.
  14. Secure strong relationships and personal recommendations from professors and/or employers.
  15. Consider completing a post doctoral experience after graduate school.
  16. Learn federal, state, and local government job application process. The federal government is the largest employer of biologists.
  17. Gain experience with grant writing and fundraising techniques. Often research must be funded in this manner.

Prepared by the Career Planning staff of Career Services at The University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (1995, Revised 2000, 2005) UTK is an EEO/AA/Title VI/Title IX/Section 504/ADA/ADEA Employer


Department of Biology