Food Insecurity Statistics

Texas

  • Texas has a household food insecurity rate that is significantly higher than the national average (along with six other states). 18.4% 2010-20121
  • In 2011 there were 4,812,760 food insecure people in Texas.2
  • Texas's Child Food Insecurity Rate in 2011 was 27.6% which includes 1,849,060 children and places Texas 9th highest in child food insecurity in the nation.4
  • More than one in six Texans, 4.8 million people (17.9%), lives in poverty. 5
  • More than 6 billion dollars of private and state funds designated for hunger related programs in Texas went unused in 2010.6
  • In 2010, less than 73% of Texans who were eligible for SNAP participated in the program.7
  • Of the more than 2.3 million Texas students who get a free or reduced price lunch at school in 2011-2012, only 59.7% participate in the school breakfast program.8
  • Only 11% of the 2.4 million Texas children who qualify for free or reduced priced meals during the school year participate in the Summer Meals program.9

National

  • In 2012, 14.5% of U.S. households (17.6 million households) were food insecure.10
  • In 2012, 7.8 million households with children were food insecure at some time during the year.11
  • Every $5 in new SNAP benefits generates $9.00 in total community spending.12
  • 29.7 million Americans live in low-income areas that are more than a mile from the nearest supermarket and lack access to healthy foods.13
Updated 12/04/2013


1. USDA. Coleman-Jensen, A., Nord, M., Singh, A. Household Food Security in the United States in 2012
2. Gundersen, C., Waxman, E., Engelhard, E., Satho, A. & Namrita, C. Map the Meal Gap 2013: Food Insecurity Estimates at the County Level. Feeding America, 2013.
3. FRAC. Food Hardship in America 2012. February 2013.
4. Gundersen, C., Waxman, E., Engelhard,E., Satho, A. & Namrita, C. Map the Meal Gap: Child Food Insecurity 2013. Feeding America, 2013.
5. U.S. Census Bureau. Bishaw, Alemayehu .Poverty 2010 and 2011. September 2012.
6. TFBN. Hunger by the Numbers: A Blueprint for Ending Hunger in Texas. August 2012
7. USDA. Reaching Those in Need: State Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation Rates in 2010-Summary. December 2012
8. THI. Texas School Breakfast Report Card. November 2012.
9. FRAC. Hunger Doesn't Take a Vacation. June 2013.
10. USDA. Coleman-Jensen, A., Nord, M., Singh, A. Household Food Security in the United States in 2012.
11. USDA. Coleman-Jensen, A., Nord, M., Singh, A. Household Food Security in the United States in 2012.
12. Hanson, Kenneth. (2010). The Food Assistance National Input-Output Multiplier (FANIOM) Model and Stimulus Effects of SNAP. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
13. USDA Economic Research Service. Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food. November 2012.