Samuel Palmer Brooks Papers

Introduction

Samuel Palmer Brooks, one of seven children of Samuel Erskine and Aurelia Elizabeth (Palmer) Brooks, was born on 4 December 1863 at Milledgeville, Georgia. In 1868 the family moved to East Texas, eventually settling in Johnson County where the father was a pioneer Baptist minister and later a teacher at Cleburne College.

Brooks received his elementary education from his parents and attended public schools near Cleburne until 1877 when he became a section hand on the Santa Fe Railroad to support his family. He resumed his education at the age of twenty-two and secured a second grade teaching certificate soon after. In the fall of 1886 he began his teaching career in a one-room school at Lone Prairie. Enrolling in the Academy of Baylor University at Waco in 1887, he graduated in 1893 with a Bachelor of Arts degree and obtained the same degree at Yale University the following year. He returned to Texas in the fall of 1894 and taught at the McKinney Collegiate Institute until 1895 when he became an instructor of Latin and mathematics in Baylor Academy. Two years later the Board of Trustees elected him chairman of the newly-created collegiate department of economics and history. In 1901 he took a leave of absence to pursue graduate studies at Yale. Brooks was elected President of Baylor University in April 1902 and assumed office in June of that year.

During the next thirty years, Brooks and the Baptist university under his leadership registered numerous accomplishments. Baylor's growth was evidenced both by the increased enrollment which nearly quadrupled between 1902 (783) and 1930 (3,039) and by the construction of new academic and student-housing facilities, such as Carroll Science Hall, Carroll Chapel and Library, Brooks Hall, Woman's Memorial Dormitory, and Waco Hall.

Baylor emerged as a full-fledged university during this time with the addition of the Schools of Education, Commerce and Business, and Music, the re-establishment of the School of Law, and the discontinuation of the Academy. By 1920 the College of Medicine and the Schools of Nursing, Pharmacy, and Dentistry were established and operating at Dallas.

Brooks' personal achievements were as numerous as his Baylor activities. A Wilsonian Democrat, he served as vice-president of the Texas Peace Society and organized the Texas Peace Congress. In 1916 he personally campaigned for the United States Senate and from 1929 to 1931 he was a member of the Board of Directors of the Brazos River Conservation and Reclamation District.

The University administrator had a prominent role in the organization of the Texas Association of Colleges in 1916 and served as president of the college section of the Texas State Teachers' Association in 1901 and in 1919. He was elected president of the Southern Sociological Congress in 1915 and served as a trustee of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. The Baylor executive received honorary degrees from Richmond College (1903), Mercer University (1922), Austin College (1924), and Georgetown College (1929). An active layman of the Baptist church, he was president of the Baptist General Convention of Texas from 1914 to 1917, vice-president of the Southern Baptist Convention in 1910 and in 1917, and corresponding secretary of the Texas Baptist Education Commission in 1905.

Brooks, Samuel Palmer 2

Brooks married Mattie Sims of Cleburne on 24 December 1895. Their daughter, Aurelia Emma, born 29 June 1899, was a member of the English faculty at Baylor, and their son, Sims Palmer, born 14 June 1903, was a Waco attorney. The Baylor President died at Waco on 14 May 1931.

The Samuel Palmer Brooks Papers consist of both the personal records of Brooks (Historical Manuscripts) and the Baylor University Records of the Office of the President (Baylor University Archives) and document the life and career of the Baptist educator and the administrative history of the University during the first three decades of the twentieth century. Included in the papers were the records of W. Sims Allen, acting president of the University from 1931 to 1932, some official Baylor correspondence of Pat M. Neff who was elected president in 1932, and records of the S. P. Brooks Memorial Organ Committee. These three sets of papers were removed from the Brooks papers and either added to an existing collection or organized as a new collection by the Texas Collection's archival staff.

Samuel Palmer Brooks Papers
Series Outline
Personal Records

  1. Biographical Materials
  2. General Correspondence
  3. Educational Affairs
  4. Literary Productions
  5. Family Affairs
  6. Financial Affairs
  7. Political Affairs
  8. Religious Affairs
  9. Subject Files
  10. Collected Materials
  11. Miscellanea
  12. Baylor University Records/General Affairs
  13. Board of Trustees
  14. Academic Affairs
  15. Financial Affairs
  16. Gifts
  17. Faculty Affairs
  18. Administrative Personnel
  19. Student Affairs
  20. Alumni Affairs
  21. Athletic Affairs
  22. Special Events
  23. Medical Schools
  24. Subject Files
  25. Miscellanea

Brooks(Samuel Palmer) Papers Personal Records

  1. Biographical Materials*/Biographical Papers
  2. Medical Reports
  3. Honors Received
  4. Death and Funeral Papers - Condolences
  5. Death and Funeral Papers - Condolences
  6. Death and Funeral Papers - Report of Funeral Service
  7. Death and Funeral Papers - Eulogies
  8. Death and Funeral Papers - Floral Tribute Cards
  9. Biographical Materials/Death and Funeral Papers - Floral Tribute Cards
  10. Death and Funeral Papers - Clippings
  11. General Correspondence/Birth Congratulations
  12. Condolences
  13. Invitations and Greeting Cards
  14. "Freak Letters"
  15. Recommendations, 1917-March 1919
  16. Recommendations, April 1919-1921
  17. Recommendations, June 1922-1924
  18. Recommendations, 1925-July 1927
  19. Recommendations, August 1927-November 1928
  20. Recommendations, December 1928-April 1929
  21. Recommendations, May 1929-January 1930
  22. Recommendations, February 1930-March 1931;n. d.
  23. Miscellaneous, 1901, 1916-1919
  24. Miscellaneous, 1920-August 1922
  25. Miscellaneous, September 1922-1923
  26. Miscellaneous, 1924-June 1927
  27. Miscellaneous, July 1927-April 1929
  28. Miscellaneous, May 1929-September 1930
  29. Miscellaneous, September-October 1930
  30. Miscellaneous, October 1930-May 1931
  31. Educational Affairs/Yale University Note Books, 1893-1894
  32. Yale University Note Books, 1901-1902
  33. Yale University Note Books, 1901-1902
  34. Yale University Note Books, 1901-1902
  35. Yale University Student Papers
  36. Yale University Study Notes
  37. Yale University Study Notes
  38. Yale University Study Notes
  39. Yale University Study Notes
  40. Yale University Study Notes
  41. Lecture Notes, 1897
  42. Lecture Notes, 1897
  43. Lecture Notes
  44. Research Notes
  45. Baylor Academy Teaching Records
  46. Literary Productions: Speaking Engagements/Invitations and Acknowledgments, July 1914-February 1918
  47. Invitations and Acknowledgments, March 1918-1922
  48. Invitations and Acknowledgments 1923-January 1930
  49. Invitations and Acknowledgments, February 1930-April 1931; n. d.
  50. General Notes
  51. General Notes
  52. General Notes
  53. General Notes
  54. Notes on Christian Education
  55. Notes on Education
  56. Notes on Government and History
  57. Notes on Religion
  58. Notes on Religion
  59. Speeches
  60. Speeches
  61. Speeches
  62. Clippings
  63. Literary Productions: Miscellaneous/Items
  64. Family Affairs/Correspondence, 188_-Octoboer 1928
  65. Correspondence, April 1929-June 1937
  66. Items
  67. Financial Affairs: General; Correspondence
  68. Cancelled Checks, 1927-1931
  69. Bank Statements and Cancelled Checks, 1929-June 1930
  70. Bank Statements and Cancelled Checks, June-December 1930
  71. Items
  72. Financial Affairs: Harlingen Property; Items
  73. Financial Affairs: Home Benefit Association; Checks
  74. Financial Affairs: Waco Apartment House; Correspondence
  75. Invoices
  76. Items
  77. Political Affairs: General*; Correspondence, September 1896-April 1913
  78. Correspondence, April-October 1913
  79. Correspondence, November 1913-February 1914
  80. Correspondence, March-May 1914
  81. Correspondence, May-June 1914
  82. Correspondence, July 1914-June 1915
  83. Correspondence, June 1915
  84. Correspondence, July-September 1915
  85. Correspondence, September-December 1915
  86. Correspondence, December 1915-January 1916
  87. Correspondence, January 1916
  88. Correspondence, January-June 1916
  89. Correspondence, June-July 1916
  90. Correspondence, July 1916-1917
  91. Correspondence, 1918-February 1919
  92. Correspondence, March 1919-April 1926
  93. Correspondence, May-July 1920
  94. Correspondence, August-October 1920
  95. Correspondence, October-December 1920
  96. Correspondence, January-June 1921
  97. Correspondence, July 1921-May 1922
  98. Correspondence, June 1922-January 1923
  99. Correspondence, January 1923-1924
  100. Correspondence, 1925-February 1928
  101. Correspondence, March 1928-May 1929
  102. Correspondence, June 1929-March 1930
  103. Correspondence, April 1930-March 1931; n. d.
  104. Literary Productions - Campaign Speeches
  105. Literary Productions - League of Nations
  106. Literary Productions - Peace and War
  107. Literary Productions - Prohibition
  108. Literary Productions - Woman's Suffrage
  109. Collected Publications
  110. Collected Publications - International Conciliation
  111. Collected Publications - War and Peace
  112. Clippings, 1902-1913
  113. Clippings, 1913-1914
  114. Clippings, April-December 1915
  115. Clippings, December 1915-January 1916
  116. Clippings, February 1916
  117. Clippings, February -March 1916
  118. Clippings, March 1916
  119. Clippings, March-April 1916
  120. Clippings, April-May 1916
  121. Clippings, May 1916
  122. Clippings, June 1916
  123. Clippings, June-July 1916
  124. Clippings, July 1916
  125. Clippings, August 1916-August 1925
  126. Clippings; n. d.
  127. Items
  128. Political Affairs: 1916 United States Senator Campaign*; Literary Productions
  129. Literature and Itineraries
  130. Finances
  131. Political Affairs: Peace Congress: Programs
  132. Political Affairs: Texas Good Roads Association: Items
  133. Political Affairs: Brazos River Conservation and Reclamation District*: Correspondence, September-November 1929
  134. Correspondence, December 1929-July 1930
  135. Correspondence, October 1930-May 1931
  136. Press Releases and Reports
  137. Religious Affairs: General: Correspondence
  138. Literary Productions
  139. Literary Productions
  140. Literary Productions
  141. Collected Publications
  142. Collected Publications - The Christian Century
  143. Collected Publications - The Divinity Student
  144. Clippings
  145. Items
  146. Religious Affairs: First Baptist Church of Waco: Items
  147. Religious Affairs: Baptist General Convention of Texas: Correspondence, 1906-1920
  148. Correspondence, 1922-1930; n. d.
  149. Religious Affairs: Southern Baptist Convention: Correspondence, 1918-1930
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