While the bulk of the Charles W. Barrow papers cover the years when Barrow served on the Texas Supreme Court, some of the more interesting materials are articles about Barrow's race for the Court against Don Yarbrough. Numerous articles document Yarbrough's meteoric rise to the highest court in the State as well as his monumental legal problems and subsequent swift descent. Earlier materials document Barrow's race for the Texas Court of Civil Appeals in 1962 as well as his campaigns for the Texas Supreme Court in 1976 and 1982.
The one file of photographs contains two portrait shots of Barrow and six photographs of the Texas Supreme Court. Most of the court photographs are autographed by each justice at the bottom of the photograph.
Eight notebooks contain Memorandum concerning Applications for Writ of Error by Judge Barrow to other justices. The Memorandum outlines each case using a similar outline: Nature of the case, Jurisdiction, Facts, Points of error, Discussion, and Disposition. There is a notebook for each session of the court on which Barrow served from 1977 to 1984.