The Herbert H. Reynolds Lectureship in the History and Philosophy of Science was established in 1998 by a gift of Herbert Reynolds from the Herbert H. and Joy C. Reynolds Endowment Fund for University Excellence. The Department of Philosophy named the lectureship in his honor. Herbert Reynolds served as Executive Vice President of Baylor for twelve years (1969-81), the President of the university for fourteen years (1981-95), Chancellor for five years (1995-2000), and now holds the title of President Emeritus. When Herbert Reynolds retired as president, friends of the Reynolds, in appreciation for the years of devotion and service of both Herbert and Joy Reynolds created the Reynolds Endowment Fund for University Excellence.

The Reynolds Lectureship annually brings to Baylor University an internationally recognized scientist or scholar in the philosophy and/or history of science. A committee comprised of faculty members from the following departments selects the lecturer and plans the annual lectureship: Biology, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Geology, History, Mathematics, Philosophy, Physics, and Psychology/Neuroscience.

The Reynolds Lecturer is in residency for two weeks and delivers a public lecture for which the content is unique to the Herbert H. Reynolds Lectureship. Baylor University publishes the lecture in monograph form. In addition, the Reynolds Lecturer participates in the philosophy of science seminar as a co-professor and is available for classroom participation in courses in the discipline(s) represented by the lecturer.