Contact: Whitney Richter, Director of Marketing and Communications, Office of the Vice Provost for Research, 254-710-7539
Written by: Gary Stokes, Office of the Vice Provost for Research
WACO, Texas (March 15, 2018) - Assistant Professor of Physics and Baylor Rising Star researcher Dr. Howard Lee has received a five-year, $500,000 CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation (NSF) for developing ultra-thin, nano-scale optical films with electrically tunable properties.
Dr. Lee’s research developing ultra-thin, nanoscale optics has the potential to dramatically reduce the size and weight of your smartphone, tablet or laptop while improving its performance.
The films, called metasurfaces, are only a few hundred atoms thick. In one form, the ultrathin metasurfaces serve as “perfect absorbers” because they can absorb 100 percent of the light that falls on them. That property alone could significantly improve efficiency of optical devices that require strong light absorption, such as photovoltaic solar cells.
In two other variants under development, the films might discretely filter out specific colors — wavelengths of light — in the visible and invisible regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, or they could be used to steer beams of light with exacting precision, all by varying the electrical voltage applied to the film. Lee says this ability to manipulate the electro-optical properties of the films by controlling the voltage is key to the project.
“We really want to demonstrate this electrical tunability, so we are trying to develop prototypes to show functionality for [the] perfect absorber, the color filter and the beam steering metasurfaces,” Lee said. “At the moment, no one is actually demonstrating this efficiently on all these properties.”
Dr. Dwight Russell, professor and interim chair of physics, weighed in on Lee’s recognition. “The NSF CAREER Award is a well-deserved recognition for Dr. Lee and his innovative work in the area of optical metasurfaces. I cannot be more pleased for him and look forward to the future research this award enables him to pursue.”
Dr. Truell Hyde, Vice Provost for Research, agrees. “Dr. Lee is an outstanding young researcher and clearly worthy of the NSF CAREER award. He has a very bright future and I look forward to watching it unfold.”
Beyond funding research, NSF CAREER grants carry a rigorous educational outreach mandate for recipients. This summer Lee will begin hosting at his lab electro-optics students from the nearby Texas State Technical College (TSTC) Waco campus to give them experience in nano-technology beyond what TSTC is currently able to provide.
“In the Waco area nano-technology [training] is not common, so we focus on the two-year colleges to give those students experience in advanced nano-technology that they cannot get anywhere else,” Lee said.
In addition, Lee will partner with Baylor’s Mayborn Museum to participate in its Portal to the Public designed to stimulate interest among the general public in current research and innovation. Through informal learning sessions the Portal to the Public Network, initially funded by Baylor’s Museum and Library Services and the NSF, connects public audiences with local scientists and engineers. Lee will also give an introductory lecture on nano-optics and potential applications at one of the museum’s regular Science Thursdays events.
The significance of Lee’s metasurfaces and nanophotonics research is underscored by his receipt just last year of a Young Faculty Award from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) for related nanophotonic work in nonlinear-optical regime.
“When you are winning grant awards like these, it enhances the research team’s confidence,” he said. “This is also good for my students because they have more resources and they know we are doing something great and we are competing with the top schools— MIT, Stanford and others — so they can get some confidence. We can actually show that we have projects that can really compete with [projects at] the top schools.”
ABOUT BAYLOR UNIVERSITY
Baylor University is a private Christian University and a nationally ranked research institution. The University provides a vibrant campus community for more than 17,000 students by blending interdisciplinary research with an international reputation for educational excellence and a faculty commitment to teaching and scholarship. Chartered in 1845 by the Republic of Texas through the efforts of Baptist pioneers, Baylor is the oldest continually operating University in Texas. Located in Waco, Baylor welcomes students from all 50 states and more than 80 countries to study a broad range of degrees among its 12 nationally recognized academic divisions.
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The College of Arts & Sciences is Baylor University's oldest and largest academic division, consisting of 25 academic departments and seven academic centers and institutes. The more than 5,000 courses taught in the College span topics from art and theatre to religion, philosophy, sociology and the natural sciences. Faculty conduct research around the world, and research on the undergraduate and graduate level is prevalent throughout all disciplines. Visit www.baylor.edu/artsandsciences.
ABOUT THE OFFICE OF THE VICE PROVOST FOR RESEARCH
The Office of the Vice Provost for Research (OVPR) assists faculty members from all academic units in identifying, obtaining and managing the funding needed to support their research and scholarship. Internal 'seed' funding, matching grant proposal funding, searchable online funding databases, grant writing seminars, proposal support and trave awards to national funding agencies are only a portion of what is provided by the various units comprising the OVPR. Additionally, the Vice Provost for Research oversees the ethical conduct of research and assists researchers in maintaining compliance with applicable policies, laws and regulations as well as providing support in establishing interdisciplinary / international collaborations and industry partnerships.
The OVPR acts as Baylor's representative in pursuing partnerships and collaborative agreements with entities outside the university. The office negotiates sponsored research agreements with industry on behalf of faculty and pursues research, technology transfer and the commercialization of technology. The OVPR welcomes the opportunity to discuss collaborative research and scholarship pursuits that can advance the academic mission of Baylor University to achieve R1/T1 status.
The OVPR also manages and operates the Baylor Research and Innovation Collaborative (BRIC), a three-story, 330,000-square-foot facility focused on interdisciplinary/international research, industry/university collaborations, business incubation/acceleration/commercialization, advanced workforce training and STEM educational research and outreach.