James Arthur Marcum

James Arthur Marcum
Professor of Philosophy
High Res Photo


Professor Marcum earned doctorates in philosophy from Boston College and in physiology from the University of Cincinnati Medical College. He also earned a Masters of Arts in Theological Studies from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a faculty member at Harvard Medical School for almost two decades before arriving at Baylor University. He has received grants from several funding agencies, including the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the American Heart Association. He delivers invited lectures frequently at both national and international conferences. His current research interests include the philosophy and history of science and medicine.

Select recent publications:

Marcum, J.A. 2020. From Systems Biology to Systems Medicine. Systems Biology—Theory, Techniques and Application Series, xvi + 229 pp. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Marcum, J.A. 2020. Las filosofías de la ciencia Thomas Kuhn: Del ciclo revolucionario al árbol evolutivo. (Thomas Kuhn’s philosophies of science: From revolutionary cycle to evolutionary tree.) Cuadernos de Filosofía. 38: 19-39

Marcum, J.A. 2020. Axiological analysis for the role of values in person-centered healthcare. European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare. 8: 183-192.

Marcum, J.A. 2020. Nutrigenetics/nutrigenomics, personalized nutrition and healthcare. Current Nutrition Reports 9: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13668-020-00327-z.

Marcum, J.A. 2019. Professing clinical medicine in an evolving healthcare environment, Francis Peabody and Edmund Pellegrino. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40: 197-215.

Sturmberg, J.P., Martin, C.M., Piccard, M., Bennett, J.M., Miles, A., Asbridge, J.E., Walker, C., Peterson, C.L., Marcum, J.A., Melis, R.J.F., Gijzel, S.M.W., Olde Rikkert, M.G.M., DeHaven, M.J., Bircher, J., Hahn, E.G., Aron, D.C., Rohleder, N., and Heng, H.H. 2019. Health and disease—Integrating science into practice. Frontiers in Medicine 6: Article

Marcum, J.A. 2019. The cancer epigenome: A review. Journal of Biotechnology and Biomedicine 2: 67-83.

Marcum, J.A., and Prasetya, Y. 2019. Donald Trump, climate change, and public philosophy of science. Public Philosophy Journal 2: https://publications.publicphilosophyjournal.org/record/?issue=6-18-224912&kid=6-15-224919.

Ong, C.S., Marcum, J.A., Zehr, K.J., and Cameron, D.E. 2019. A century of heparin. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 108: 955-958.

Marcum, J.A. 2018. The revolutionary ideas of Thomas Kuhn. Footnotes to Plato Series. Times Literary Supplement, January 17. www.the-tls.co.uk/articles/scientific-revolutions-thomas-kuhn/.

Marcum, J.A. 2018. Mapping similarities and differences to progress mutual understanding and dialogue: A comparison and contrast of evidence-based practice and person-centered healthcare. European Journal for Person Centered Healthcare 6: 462-469.

Marcum, J.A. 2018. A role for taxonomic incommensurability in evolutionary philosophy of science. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 7: 9-14.

Marcum, J.A. 2018. Revolution or evolution in science? A role for the incommensurability thesis? The Kuhnian Image of Science: Time for a Decisive Transformation? M. Mizahi (Ed.), London: Rowman & Littlefield, 155-173.

Marcum, J.A. (Ed). 2017. The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine. Bloomsbury Companions Series, xii + 407 pp. London: Bloomsbury.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Evolutionary epistemology. Oxford Bibliographies, Oxford University Press. http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195396577/obo-9780195396577-0354.xml.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Evolutionary philosophy of science: A new image of science and stance towards general philosophy of science. Philosophies 2: 1-12.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Hippocrates and the Hippocratic tradition: impact on development of medical knowledge and practice. In Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine. T. Schramme and S. Edwards (Eds.), New York: Springer, 821-837.

Brown, J.O., Marcum, J.A., and Stuebs, M. 2017. Professional virtue reinforcements: A necessary complement to technology and policy reforms. Journal of Information Systems 31(2): 5-23.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. The “new” medical model, fragmented clinical care, and philosophy of medicine. Canadian Medical Association Journal 189(26): E897.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Philosophical perspectives on spirituality and medicine. Spirituality and Religion within the Culture of Medicine: From Evidence to Practice. J.R. Peteet and M.J. Balboni (Eds.), New York: Oxford University Press, 325-339.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. The role of critical thinking in clinical reasoning. Advances in Psychology Research 127: 15-36.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Multimorbidity, P4 medicine, and holism. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23(1): 213-215.

Lail, B., MacGregor, J., Marcum, J., and Stuebs, M. 2017. Professional identity: Perspectives on restoring financial reporting systems. Journal of Business Ethics 140: 687-704.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Clinical decision-making, gender bias, virtue epistemology, and quality healthcare. Topoi: An International Review of Philosophy 36(3): 501-508.

Dan Schneider 2017 interview #170 “On Thomas Kuhn”, along with Alexander Bird and Steve Fuller. www.youtube.com/watch?v=xayCyPMOkvk.

Interviewed in 2017 for video, “Heparin: 100 years Saving Lives”: www.youtube.com/watch?v=tcH9VaouPIo. www.youtube.com/watch?v=ih3SJd_GsYI.

Marcum, J.A. 2017. Kuhn’s science and does medicine really care about patients? Interviewed by Richard Marshall for 3:16 magazine. https://316am.site123.me/articles/kuhn-s-science-and does-medicine-really-care-about-patients?c=end-times-archive. https://www.baylor.edu/philosophy/news.php?action=story&story=177105




Marcum, J.A. 2015. Thomas Kuhn’s Revolutions: A Historical and an Evolutionary

Philosophy of Science. London: Bloomsbury.



Marcum, J.A. 2013. Tampering with Nature: Empirical Methodology and

Experimental Onto-Epistemology. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers.



Peer-reviewed articles:


Marcum, J.A. 2015. Metaphysics of the cognition debate: A plurimodel theory of

cognition. Philosophica. 90: 115-147.


Lail, B., MacGregor, J., Marcum, J., and Stuebs, M. 2015. Professional identity:

perspectives on restoring financial reporting systems. Journal of Business Ethics.

Doi: 10.1007/s10551-015-2875-y.


Marcum, J.A. 2015. What’s the support for Kuhn’s incommensurability thesis? A

response to Mizrahi and Patton. Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective

4: 51-62.


Marcum, J.A. 2015. Clinical decision-making, gender bias, virtue epistemology, and

quality healthcare. Topoi: An International Review of Philosophy. Doi:



Caputo, B., and Marcum, J.A. 2015. The demise of vitalism? Fernel’s “vital spirits,”

Harvey’s “living blood,” and Venter’s “synthetic cell.” International Journal of the

History and Philosophy of Medicine. 5: Doi:


Shah, N., and Marcum, J.A. 2015. Can virtues be taught in medicine? Aristotle’s

virtue theory and medical education and clinical practice. Mirabilia Medicinae 4:



Marcum, J.A.2015. Caring for patients during challenging encounters. Journal of

Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21: 404-409.


Marcum, J.A. 2015. Healthcare personalism: a prolegomenon. European Journal for

Person Centered Healthcare 3: 228-232.


Marcum, J.A. 2014. Humanizing the biomedical model and the quality-of-care crisis.

Mirabilia Medicinae 2: 63-74.


Marcum, J.A. 2014. Tempering nature: experimental practice in the natural sciences.

International Journal of Science in Society 5: 37-52.


Marcum, J.A. 2014. The metaphysical foundations of human cloning. Mirabilia

Medicinae 2: 27-37.


Griggs, J.O., Barron, L.A., and Marcum, J.A. 2014. Operationalizing Miles and

Mezzich’s person-centered medicine. European Journal for Person Centered

Healthcare 2: 98-105.


Marcum, J.A. 2013. The role of empathy and wisdom in medical practice and

pedagogy: confronting the hidden curriculum. Journal of Biomedical Education

vol. 2013, Article ID 923810, 8 pages. doi:10.1155/2013/923810


Marcum, J.A. 2013. The role of emotions in clinical reasoning and decision making.

Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38: 501-519.


Marcum, J.A. 2013. Thomas Kuhn’s notion of theory choice and the dual-process

theory of cognition. Philosophy Study 3: 353-366.