In 1983, Miss O'Neal, whose music store served generations of Central Texas musicians, students, and teachers, offered the entire inventory to Baylor University. This purchase allowed the University to create a unique historical resource of sheet music, scores, and pedagogical materials as a research collection housed in the University's libraries. In addition, duplicate copies are housed in the School of Music as a resource for pedagogical study and teaching practicum.
The O'Neal collection of more than 59,000 titles, some of which date from the 19th century, provides a rich resource for the program in piano pedagogy as well as for research by faculty and graduate students.
The O'Neal Pedagogy Library, in room 3 of Waco Hall within the piano pedagogy wing, houses music from the O'Neal Music Collection as well as a current and richly diverse collection of standard teaching literature by master composers and pedagogical composers. The collection includes sheet music and books in the following categories: