Religion Can Help College Women Who are Sexual Victims Deal with Fear and Distrust, Baylor Study Finds
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WACO, Texas (Feb. 3, 2015) — College women who have been sexually victimized not only fear their attackers — or those similar to them — but often have trouble trusting anyone after being assaulted. But religion can help them cope and overcome the emotional damage, according to Baylor University research.
The study — “Religious Coping: The Role of Religion in Attenuating the Effect of Sexual Victimization of College Women on Trust” — is published in the journal Review of Religious Research.
“We hear in the news about all sorts of sexual victimization on campuses across America. It’s a huge problem, one that affects people over a long period of time and can result in withdrawing from family and community,” said researcher Jeffrey Tamburello, a doctoral candidate in sociology in Baylor’s College of Arts & Sciences. “It’s important to find ways for victims to come back to as much of a normal life as they can, and it seems that religious participation can help them do that.”
Previous research has provided evidence that sexual victimization may negatively impact trust and has suggested that theological beliefs and taking part in religious organizations may be associated in a positive way with overall trust. In the Baylor study, researchers sought to uncover how these two effects might interact.
An estimated 1 in 5 college women are sexual victims each year, with that number including both violent assault and non-consensual sexual contact, according to recent reports.
Researchers analyzed data from the Longitudinal Study of Violence Against Women, with the sample consisting of 1,580 undergraduate women in a state-supported university. In the first wave of the study, researchers asked freshman women whether and how often they attended religious services. In the second, when the women were sophomores, researchers asked participants whether they had been sexually victimized within the past year. The women also were asked about how much they trusted others.
To assess an individual’s level of trust, researchers asked respondents the extent to which they agreed with the statement, “Most people are out for themselves. I don’t trust them very much.”
“What we found is that the more you go to church, the more you trust. It’s not just about attendance, but about being embedded in a religious social network and about that being a part of your identity. This might help to mitigate some of the negative effects of being victimized,” Tamburello said.
Baylor co-researchers were Kyle Irwin and Martha Gault Sherman, assistant professors of sociology.
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Baylor University is a private Christian University and a nationally ranked research institution, characterized as having “high research activity” by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. The University provides a vibrant campus community for approximately 16,000 students by blending interdisciplinary research with an international reputation for educational excellence and a faculty commitment to teaching and scholarship. Chartered in 1845 by the Republic of Texas through the efforts of Baptist pioneers, Baylor is the oldest continually operating University in Texas. Located in Waco, Baylor welcomes students from all 50 states and more than 80 countries to study a broad range of degrees among its 12 nationally recognized academic divisions. Baylor sponsors 19 varsity athletic teams and is a founding member of the Big 12 Conference.
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The College of Arts & Sciences is Baylor University’s oldest and largest academic division, consisting of 24 academic departments and 13 academic centers and institutes. The more than 5,000 courses taught in the College span topics from art and theatre to religion, philosophy, sociology and the natural sciences. Faculty conduct research around the world, and research on the undergraduate and graduate level is prevalent throughout all disciplines.