In 1923, Waco physician Dr. Kenneth Hazen Aynesworth presented to Baylor University several hundred items from his personal collection of materials on Texas history. The gift has stimulated the growth of a premier research collection on Texas and Texas-related subjects which document the development of this region from the early North American explorations to the present.
Since its modest one-room beginning, The Texas Collection has grown to three floors of the Carroll Library, and four floors in Morrison Constitution Hall. The Texas Collection contains over 132,000 volumes, more than 3,000 current serial subscription titles, and over 13,000 audio-visual pieces. In addition, there are over 1.4 million photographs, over 3,600 oral history tapes/transcripts, approximately 15,000 maps, and over 2,500 archival collections.
The Texas Collection serves a diverse universe of researchers ranging from the Baylor community to public scholars, history fair participants and journalists. The Texas Collection regularly receives inquiries and visits from independent scholars and organization representatives interested in Texas culture.