This is a type of active learning in which the instructor poses a question or problem and learners generate as many ideas as possible within a specified time frame. Generated ideas are not evaluated until the conclusion of the brainstorming session. At that time, the instructor brings the class back together to organize and rank ideas/solutions. Brainstorming activities are not limited to writing down ideas on paper.
Brainstorming is not only an effective synchronous activity but can be a very powerful asynchronous activity. Pre-assign brainstorming sessions and then debrief them live in class.
- A Better Way to Brainstorm: How to Get Students to Generate Original Ideas (1:42 video)
- Malkawi, N. A., & Smadi, M. (2018). The effectiveness of using a brainstorming strategy in the development of academic achievement of sixth-grade students in English grammar at public schools in Jordan. International Education Studies, 11(3), 92
- Unin, N., & Bearing, P. (2016). Brainstorming as a Way to Approach Student-centered Learning in the ESL Classroom. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 224, 605-61