Johnnie Mae Hackworthe was born on November 16, 1904, in Brenham, Texas. She attended Metropolitan Business College in Dallas and worked as a secretary in Austin and Washington D.C. She also worked as a Calendar Clerk for the Texas House of Representatives from 1935 to 1936. Hackworthe married Herschel A. Watson in 1921. The couple had two children but divorced in 1926. In 1937, she married Edwin A. Schaufler and moved back to Brenham. Schaufler passed away in 1957. At some point, she began writing religious and political pamphlets and tracts, and founded the American Bible College to spread the gospel. Her mystical writings include predictions about the end of the world and various U.S. presidents as the antichrist as well as other more traditional Biblical interpretations. She ran several unsuccessful political campaigns between 1960 and 1976. Hackworthe married Gustav Adolph Eckman in 1958, but they divorced soon afterward. She died on April 13, 1980, in Brenham.
More information about Johnnie Mae Hackworthe can be found in her oral memoirs at the Institute for Oral History and in the Edwin Henry Shaufler and Johnnie Mae Hackworthe collection at The Texas Collection. The Texas Collection finding aid is currently incomplete. Please e-mail The Texas Collection at email@example.com for more information.