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Dr. Bratu

Cristian Bratu

Associate Professor of French


Motto: In libris libertas

One Bear Place #97391
Waco, TX 76798

Office: Draper 158.04
Phone: 254-710-4225

Fall 2017 Office Hours: Fall 2017: MWF 3:30-5:30pm and by appointment.

Home Page

Click here and here to listen to Dr. Bratu's Word Wise podcasts for KWBU

Click here to read a Lariat interview with Dr. Bratu



Ph.D. (Honors), New York University, 2007

M.A. and D.E.A., Ecole Normale Superieure - Lettres et Sciences Humaines, Lyons, France, 2000-2002

B.A., Universitatea Babes-Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, 2000

Study abroad at Bayerische Julius-Maximilians Universitaet, Wuerzburg, Germany (1998-1999)


French for Grad Students I, French for Grad Students II, Introduction to French Cinema, Survey of French Cinema, French Civilization, Intro to French Literature, Survey of French Literature I, Survey of French Literature II, Theater in Paris, Intermediate French, Global Community Cohort Class




Herméneutiques. Iasi (Romania): Junimea Publishing House, 2000. ISBN 973-37-0534-9, foreword by Irina Mavrodin.

« Je, auteur de ce livre »: L’affirmation de soi chez les historiens du Moyen Âge (In progress)

Book Chapters:

"Effet de parlé and Effet d’écrit: The Authorial Strategies of Medieval French Historians." In Telling the Story in the Middle Ages: Essays in Honor of Evelyn Birge Vitz. Kathryn A. Duys, Elizabeth Emery, and Laurie Postlewate, eds. (Rochester, NY: Boydell and Brewer, 2015): 93-110.
"Je, aucteur de ce livre: Authorial Persona and Authority in French Medieval Histories and Chronicles." In Authorities in the Middle Ages: Influence, Legitimacy and Power in Medieval Society. Sini Kangas, Mia Korpiola and Tuija Ainonen, eds. (Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 2013): 183-204.
"Clerc, Chevalier, Aucteur: The Authorial Personae of French Medieval Historians from the 12th to the 15th centuries." In Authority and Gender in Medieval and Renaissance Chronicles, Juliana Dresvina and Nicholas Sparks, eds. (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012): 231-259.

Journal Articles:

"Translatio, autorité et affirmation de soi chez Gaimar, Wace et Benoît de Sainte-Maure." The Medieval Chronicle 8 (2013): 135-164.

"De la grande Histoire à l'histoire personnelle: l'émergence de l'écriture autobiographique chez les historiens français du Moyen Age (XIIIe-XVe siècles)." Mediaevistik 25 (2012): 85-117.
"Or vous dirai: La vocalité des récits historiques français du Moyen Âge (XIIe-XVe siècles)." Neophilologus 96.3 (2012): 333-347.

"Revisiting Guillaume de Villeneuve's Viatique." The Explicator 68.4 (2010).

"Denis Sauvage: The Editing of Medieval Chronicles in Sixteenth-Century France.” Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History. 3rd series, vol. 7 (2010): 255-278. ISBN: 978-0-404-64550-2.

"L’esthétique des chroniqueurs de la quatrième croisade et l’épistémè gothico-scolastique.” The Medieval Chronicle. Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA: Rodopi. 5 (2007): 61-76. ISBN 978-90-420-2354-3.

"The Aesthetics of the Chroniclers of the Fourth Crusade and the Gothic–Scholastic Episteme." Reading Medieval Studies. Reading: University of Reading (UK). 31 (2005): 3-26. ISBN 0-7049-1219-8.

"Le métathéâtre en tant que métaphore de l’aliénation. Les sources et les mécanismes de l’angoisse." Limbaje si Comunicare/Languages and Communication. Suceava (Romania): Suceava University Press. 4 (1999): 429-450. ISBN 973-9408-78-8.

Handbook Chapters:

"Chroniken im mittelalterlichen Italien. Ein Überblick." In Handbuch Chroniken des Mittelalters. Ed. Gerhard Wolf and Norbert Ott (Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 2016): 707-742. ISBN 978-3-11-020627-2.
"Literature." In Handbook of Medieval Culture: Fundamental Aspects and Conditions of the European Middle Ages. Ed. Albrecht Classen. 3 vols. (Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 2015): vol. II, 864-900.
"Patrons, Arts, and Audiences." Handbook of Medieval Culture: Fundamental Aspects and Conditions of the European Middle Ages. Ed. Albrecht Classen. 3 vols. (Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 2015): vol. II, 1381-1403.
"Mirrors for princes." In Handbook of Medieval Studies: Concepts, Methods, Historical Developments, and Current Trends in Medieval Studies. Ed. Albrecht Classen (Berlin/New York: De Gruyter, 2010): 1921-1949. ISBN 978-3-11-018409-9.

Encyclopedia Articles:

Entries "Jean-François Balmer" (34-36), "Jean Carmet" (102-103), "Coluche" (127-129), "Jean Dujardin" (181-183), and "Michel Galabru" (215-217). French Cinema in Close-Up/La vie d'un acteur pour moi. Illustrated Mini-Dictionary of Actors and Actresses of the French Cinema. Ed. Michaël Abecassis and Marcelline Block (Dublin: Phaeton Publishing, 2015). ISBN 978-1908420114.
Entries “Bonamente Aliprandi” (I, 31), “Annales Rotomagenses” (I, 85), “Authorship” (I, 133-136), “François Bonivard” (I, 190-191), “Tristano Calco” (I, 239-240), “Chronicon anonymi a.o.c. usque ad annum 1161” (I, 294), “Chronique anonyme 814-1377” (I, 294), “Chronique anonyme a.o.c. usque ad a. 1380” (I, 294-295), “Chronique anonyme finissant en 1308” (I, 295), “Chronique anonyme finissant en 1380” (I, 295-296) “Chronique anonyme finissant en 1383” (I, 296), “Chroniques de l’hostal d’Armanyach” (I, 347), “Chronicle of Huru” (I, 350), “Cronaca Malatestiana” (I, 364-365), “Chronique du président Fauchet” (I, 398), “Chronique de Saint-Maixent” (co-authored with Régis Rech, I, 419), “Chronique Saintongeaise” (I, 422-423), “Pandolfo Collenuccio” (I, 479-480), “Dino Compagni” (I, 483-484), “Jean Creton” (I, 497), “Jean Dardel” (I, 510), “Gilbertus Romanus” (I, 706), “Guido de Bazochis” (I, 741), “Jean de Roye” (II, 911), “Landulf of Milan” (II, 994), “Landulf of San Paolo” (II, 994-995), “Le Canarien” (II, 1012), “Jean Maupoint” (II, 1096-1097), “Manuscript Patrons and Provenance” (II, 1070-1072), “Miroir historial abregié de France” (II, 1114), “Antonio Nerli” (II, 1140), “Readers and Listeners” (II, 1260-1264), “Bartolomea Riccoboni” (II, 1274-1275), “Lorenzo Valla” (II, 1467-1468), “Matteo Villani” (II, 1479), “Philippo Villani” (II, 1479-1480). Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle. Ed. Graeme Dunphy. 2 vols. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2010. ISBN 978-90-04-18464-0.


"The Tale of Lycaon" and "The Tale of Philemon and Baucis." Ovide moralisé. Ed. Sarah-Jane Murray. Waco: Baylor University Press, forthcoming in 2018.
Books V and XIV of the Ovide moralisé (from Old French to English). Ed. K. Sarah-Jane Murray. Waco: Baylor University Press, forthcoming in 2018.

Invited Chapters and Articles:

"Prologues as Locus Auctoris in Historical Narratives: An Overview from Antiquity to the Middle Ages." Mediaevistik 28 (2015): 47-65.

"Political Violence and/as Evil: Sartre's Dirty Hands." Evil in Contemporary French and Francophone Literature. Ed. Scott M. Powers (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011): 12-37. ISBN 978-1-4438-2587-0.

Book Reviews:

Alberto Varvaro. La tragédie de l’histoire : la dernière œuvre de Froissart. Paris : Classiques Garnier, 2011. Forthcoming in Mediaevistik

John Spence. Reimagining History in Anglo-Norman Prose Chronicles. York: York Medieval Press; Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2013. Forthcoming in Mediaevistik

Irit R. Kleiman. Philippe de Commynes: Memory, Betrayal, Text. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. Speculum 92/2 (April 2017): 542-543.

Jeanette Beer. In Their Own Words: Practices of Quotation in Early Medieval History-Writing. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014. In The Medieval Review, 2014.

Stephen Partridge and Erik Kwakkel, eds. Author, Reader, Book: Medieval Authorship in Theory and Practice. Toronto/Buffalo/New York: University of Toronto Press, 2012. In Mediävistik 25 (2012): 459-463.

Svetlana Loutchitsky and Marie-Christine Varol, eds. Homo Legens: Styles et pratiques de lecture: Analyses comparées des traditions orales et écrites au Moyen Âge/Styles and Practices of Reading: Comparative Analyses of Oral and Written Traditions in the Middle Ages. Turnhout: Brepols, 2010. In Mediävistik 25 (2012): 227-231.

Andrew Brown and Graeme Small. Court and Civic Society in the Burgundian Low Countries c. 1420-1530. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007. In Mediävistik 24 (2011): 589-595.

T. Jefferson Kline. Unraveling French Cinema: From L’Atalante to Caché. Chichester, U.K./Malden, MA.: Wiley-Balckwell, 2010, in Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television 31.3 (2011), 421-423.

Jean Froissart. Chroniques. Livre III: le manuscrit Saint-Vincent de Besançon. Eds. Ainsworth, P.F., and G. Croenen. Geneva: Droz, 2007. In The Medieval Review, 2009.

Media Projects:

"Film Grammar" (DVD) by Nancy Membrez, 2008 (translated into French by Cristian Bratu and Kaitlin Fogelsong, 2009).


February 20, 2017 Baylor University, Medieval and Renaissance Research Seminar: "Translatio and Authority in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance"

March 22, 2017 University of Dallas: "Ubi est auctoritas?: Transfers of Authority in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance" 


October 2017 74th Annual Convention of the South Central Modern Language Association, Tulsa: "A Hypothesis on the Roman de Rou’s Abrupt Ending"

July 2017 University of Würzburg, 25th Congress of the International Arthurian Society: "Patterns of Translatio in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia regum Britanniae"

July 2017 University of Lisbon and University Nova of Lisbon, 8th International Conference of the Medieval Chronicle Society: "Potestas vs. Auctoritas: Why Did Henry II Fire the Author of the Rou?"

July 2017 Imperial College, London, Fifteenth International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities: "Authorial Confidence and Distress in Wace's Roman de Rou"

March 2017 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "Rhinoceroses, Old and New: A Discussion of Eugene Ionesco’s Rhinoceros"

November 2016 73rd Annual Convention of the South Central Modern Language Association, Dallas: "Moy, acteur de ces croniques: A Reassessment of Jean de Wavrin's Authorial Persona" 

September 2016 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "The First Literary Depiction of Texas in Cabeza de Vaca's Naufragios"

July 2016 University of Kentucky, Lexington, 15th Congress of the International Courtly Literature Society: "Courtliness and Courtly Love in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia regum Britanniae"

July 2016 University of Chichester, 30th Annual Conference of the Society for the Study of French History: "Redefining Authorship and High Culture in French Medieval History-Writing"
November 2015 Baylor University, MLC Colloquium:"Fazer de Lisboa nova Roma: A Reassessment of the Notion of Translatio in Camões’s Lusíads"
November 2015 72nd Annual Convention of the South Central Modern Language Association, Nashville: "Authorial Self-Sketches and Self-Portraits in the Works of Gaimar, Wace, and Benoît de Sainte-Maure"
July 2015 University of Queensland, St. Lucia (Australia). Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies (ANZAMEMS) 10th Biennial Conference: "Translatio imperii and translatio studii in Luís Vaz de Camões's Lusíads"

February 2015 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: “Dante’s Vita Nova: Between Poetic Tradition and Innovation”

October 2014 71st Annual Convention of the South Central Modern Language Association, Austin: "Oral and Written Effects in French Medieval Histories and Chronicles"
September 2014 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "Literature and Exploration in Portugal’s Age of Discovery: Luís Vaz de Camões’s Lusíads"

July 2014 University of Liverpool (UK), 7th International Medieval Chronicle Conference: "Connected or Not: The Problematic Relationship Between Prologue and Narrative in French Medieval Chronicles"

June 2014 CEU San Pablo University, Madrid (Spain), 12th International Conference on New Directions in the Humanities: "The Author: The Future of a Notion With a Troubled Past"

February-March 2014 University of Puerto Rico, 3e Colloque international sur l'enseignement du français langue étrangère: "A quoi bon étudier le français?: Qu'en pensent (et disent) nos étudiants"

January 2014 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "Translating the Ovide moralisé"

September 2013 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: “Waiting for the Tartars: An Analysis of Dino Buzzati’s Tartars Steppe

July 2013 University of Leeds (UK), International Medieval Congress: "Imag(in)ing the Author: Visual Representations of Authors in Medieval French Histories and Chronicles"

May 2013 Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 48th International Congress on Medieval Studies: "Late Medieval Images of Translatio Studii in the Works of Jean Froissart, Enguerrand de Monstrelet, and Christine de Pizan"

May 2013 Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 48th International Congress on Medieval Studies: Participated in the roundtable discussion on the translation of the Ovide moralisé

April 2013 University of Toronto (Canada), American Comparative Literature Association Conference: “How Patient Should a Host Be?: Hospitality, Anarchy, and Allegory in Adam’s Apples
April 2013 Baylor University, Global Community (MFL 3101): “A Brief History of Indochina”
September 2012 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "The Forgotten Europe: An Analysis of Slavenka Drakulić’s Café Europa: Life After Communism"
July 2012 University of Oxford (UK), 3rd Biennial Oxford/Cambridge International Chronicles Symposium (“Bonds, Links, and Ties in Medieval and Renaissance Chronicles”): "Translatio as a Link between Past and Present History-Writing in the Works of Geffrei Gaimar, Wace, and Benoît de Sainte-Maure"
March 2012 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "Molière’s Miser and the Critique of Pure Avarice"
March 2012 Baylor University, MFL Mini-colloquium: "Using Google Maps and Streetview in Foreign Language Teaching"
February-March 2012 University of Puerto Rico, 2e Colloque international sur l’enseignement du français langue étrangère: "Langue, culture et nouvelles technologies : L’Utilisation de Google Maps et Streetview dans l’apprentissage du français"

July 2011 Pécs University (Hungary), 6th International Medieval Chronicle Conference: "Prologues as Locus Auctoris in Historical Narratives: An Overview from Antiquity to the Middle Ages"

May 2011 Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 46th International Congress on Medieval Studies: "Denis Sauvage's Dilemma: Textual Purity or 'Critical Edition'?"

March 2011 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "What is Rhinoceritis? An Analysis of Eugène Ionesco’s Rhinoceros"

October 2010 Baylor University, Honors Colloquium: "Religion and Irreligiosity in Voltaire's Zadig"

July 2010 Cambridge International Chronicles Symposium, Cambridge University (UK): "Clerk, Witness, Author: The Status of French Medieval Chroniclers (12th-15th c.)"

July 2010 University of Leeds (UK), International Medieval Congress: "The Unwilling Traveler: Guillaume de Villeneuve and His Viatique"

April 2010 Baylor University, MFL Mini-colloquium: Sartre's Politics Thirty Years Later”

February 2010 Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque Symposium “Authorship”, University of Miami, Coral Gables: “The Medieval Author: A Paradigm Shift”

November 2009 Baylor University, MFL Mini-Colloquium: "Je, aucteur de ce livre: On the Status of Medieval Historians"

October 2009 66th Annual Convention of the South Central Modern Language Association, Baton Rouge: "Les Idiots utiles: Intellectuals and Collaborationism in 20th-Century France"

October 2009 Texas Medieval Association Conference, Austin: “Chroniclers and Authors: The Status of French Medieval Historians”

October 2009 Jersey City, Romance Studies 2009 Colloquium on Storytelling: "Medieval Chronicles as Storytelling"

May 2009 Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, 44th International Congress on Medieval Studies: panel on "Authorship in Medieval Chronicles"

March 2009 American Comparative Literature Association Conference, Harvard University: "From History to MyStory: Self-Expression in Medieval and Early Modern French Chronicles"

March 2009 Medieval Association of the Pacific Conference, Albuquerque: "Denis Sauvage: Editing Medieval Historiography in Sixteenth-Century France"

December 2008 MLA Convention, San Francisco: "Hundred Years War Literature: Making and Breaking Boundaries"(panel hosted by Dr. Deborah McGrady, UVA): "Crossing Boundaries in the Third Book of Froissart's Chronicles"

December 2008 Barnard College, Barnard Medieval and Renaissance Conference. The Shape of Time in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, “Genealogical Time and Its Gaps in Froissart’s Chroniques

October 2008 Baylor University, Global Film and Culture (FAS 1136): "A Short History of French Cinema"

September 2008 University of Texas at San Antonio, European Film Conference, “Femmes dans le jardin: Elements pour une nouvelle interpretation d’Inch’Allah dimanche”

April 2008 Women in French Conference, Fort Worth: "Authorship, Authority, and Gender in the Middle Ages" - presider of two sessions on women authors in Middle Ages and the Early Modern period

March 2008 Fordham University, Remembering the Crusades. Myth, Image, and Identity: "Remembering the Crusades, Remembering the Self"

2006 University of Leeds (UK), International Medieval Congress: "L'economie des emotions chez Philippe de Commynes"

2006 Cornell University, Entralogos. Romance Studies Graduate Conference: Turns, Returns, Detours: (Hi)story and (Re)presentation: "The Missing Link in the Genealogical Representation of Medieval History"

2005 Yale University, Florilegium. Graduate Student Medieval Studies Conference: "The Rise of the Medieval Chronicler"

2005 Columbia University's 16th Annual Graduate Student Conference "How Sweet Are Your Words to My Taste". Eating Food, Imbibing Drink and Devouring Texts in the Middle Ages: "Images of Hunger and Abundance in the Writings of Villon and Rabelais"

2005 University of Reading (UK), 4th International Medieval Chronicles Conference: "Les Chroniques de la 4e croisade et l'episteme gothico-scolastique"

2004 University of Texas at Austin, French and Italian Graduate Students' Conference: "Coherence discursive et incoherence politique chez Geoffroy de Villehardouin"

2002 Universite de Geneve (Switzerland), Conference on "Le litteraire en marge du litteraire": "L'espace polytropique dans les romans antiques du XIIe siecle"

1998 Universitatea Babes-Bolyai (Romania), Conference of French and Francophone Literatures: "Transparence et opacite dans les Confessions de Rousseau"


Summer 2016 MLC summer mini-sabbatical, Baylor University

Spring 2016 MLC Undergraduate Research Small Grant, Baylor University

Fall 2011 Research Leave, Baylor University

2007-2008 Summer Sabbatical Project, Baylor University

2006-2007 Dulau Fellowship (NYU)

2004-2005 NYU Exchange Student at ENS Lyon

2002 MacCracken Fellowship at NYU

2000-2002 Joint grant ENSAF (ENS/Ambassade de France en Roumanie): Scholarship at the ENS Lyon, France

1998-1999 ERASMUS scholarship from the European Union: Study scholarship at Würzburg University, Germany

Summer 1998 Golden medal at the international French spelling contest "Allons en France/Dicos d'or," Sorbonne, Paris

Spring 1997 Special award at the "Concursul Latinitatii" (National Contest of Latin and Neolatin Languages), Târgu-Mures, Romania

1996 Special award in French at the "Olimpiada Nationala de Limbi Romanice" (National Contest of Romance Languages), Baia Mare, Romania


Medieval and Early Modern narrative literature, translatio and patterns of transmission in the Middle Ages, pre-modern historiography, pre-modern representations of authorship, self-expression in literature (autobiographies, autofictions, memoirs, diaries), French Theory and the "Death of the Author"


French language and literature, Medieval and Early Modern texts, French Cinema


Romanian, French and English: native fluency
German: very good writing, reading and speaking skills
Old French: very good reading skills
Latin, Italian, Spanish: good reading, writing and speaking skills
Portuguese: good reading skills
Ancient Greek, Arabic, and Dutch: beginner level