2018 Fall Graduate Colloquium Series: Graeson Griffin/Sudip Gurung

DateOctober 26, 2018Time3:35 - 5:00 pm
LocationBaylor Science Building, Room E.125
Description
2018 Fall Graduate Colloquium Series

Graeson Griffin

Jupiter’s Magnetosphere and Aurorae Observed by the Juno Spacecraft during its First Polar Orbits

On August 5th, 2011 The Juno spacecraft left the confines of earth and began its journey toward the largest gas giant of our solar system. Five years later Nasa received confirmation that the satellite had reached it’s final destination, Jupiter. Juno’s designated capture orbit placed it in prime position to observe the poles of the planet and therefore the aurorae borealis known to take place there. The orbit also included passages through the planet’s intense inner radiation belts. Passing underneath the most sever areas of radiation, the craft came as close as 4,000 kilometers from the cloud tops below. During these transits, Juno gathered information concerning Jupiter’s magnetosphere, high velocity particle impacts on the craft, and the majestic aurorae. This presentation will cover data gathered during the first several of these orbits while discussing the variations of the observed events from their terrestrial analogues.

Connerney, J.E.P., et al. “Jupiter’s Magnetosphere and Aurorae Observed by the Juno Spacecraft during Its First Polar Orbits.” Science, vol. 356, no. 6340, 26 May 2017, pp. 826–832., doi:10.1126/science.aam5928.

Sudip Jang Bahadur Gurung

Enhanced Nonlinear Refractive Index in Epsilon Near Zero Materials

The optical properties of a medium could be described by the dielectric permittivity (ε) and the refractive index (n), where ε reflects on how the polarization is induced upon application of an electromagnetic wave, while n determines how the optical phase develops as optical wave propagates in the optical medium with associated momentum k and energy ħω. Optical epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) material possesses the permittivity |ε | → 0 and the phase velocity of optical wave becomes very large while the group velocity is slowing down significantly, owing to the relation between refractive index and permittivity, . For nonlinear optical processes, the optical Kerr nonlinearity is strongly enhanced in the ENZ spectral range because of the unique optical material properties. Experiments performed on Al-doped ZnO (AZO) thin films show a six-fold increase of the Kerr nonlinear refractive index (n2) at the ENZ wavelength, located in the 1300 nm region. This in turn leads to ultrafast light-induced refractive index changes of the order of unity, thus representing a new paradigm for nonlinear optics.

Reference: Caspani, L.; Kaipurath, R.; Clerici, M.; Ferrera, M.; Roger, T.; Kim, J.; Kinsey, N.; Pietrzyk, M.; Di Falco, A.; Shalaev, V. M., Enhanced nonlinear refractive index in ε-near-zero materials. Physical review letters 2016, 116 (23), 233901

For more information contact: Dr. Howard Lee, 254-710-2277
PublisherDepartment of Physics
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