Masters programs contribute to the University’s mission by educating graduate students in several critical areas, as well as by enhancing the doctoral enrollment in other disciplines. In non-STEM disciplines relatively little external funding currently exists for graduate programs. Thus, if a non-STEM department supports a Ph.D. program, that department's master’s program, in most cases, should be a constituent part of the Ph.D. Terminal MA and MS degrees will be awarded only to those who leave the program before completing the Ph.D. However, some masters programs are important for generating revenue through teaching and/or supporting the University’s enrollment goals, including retention and timely graduation (refer to Appendix 2E). Furthermore, the MFA, rather than the Ph.D., is considered the terminal degree in the fine arts fields and is considered more demanding than the MA in those fields.