• Papers must be submitted as Microsoft Word documents. PDFs will not be reviewed.
  • Please remove any identifying features from the document. This includes names (in footnotes, headers, or cover pages) and course information.
  • The title of the article should be centered and bolded at the top of the first page.
  • Titles of files should correspond to the title of the submission, not the author.


  • Discretionary capitalization of words should be used sparingly, unless needed for particular emphasis or clarity of reference. This includes avoiding capitalization of words such as church, biblical, and scriptural, as well as pronouns referring to God or to church.
  • Include a comma after the penultimate item in a series and before the conjunction (e.g., biblical studies, theology, and church history).
  • Possessives of non-plural words ending in “s” are formed by the addition of an apostrophe and a subsequent “s” (e.g., Moses’s, not Moses’)
  • Until excessively cumbersome, all attempts should be made to refer generically to people with gender-inclusive language (e.g., instead of men or mankind, use human beings, people, or humanity, etc.).
  • References to Israel should be clear in distinguishing between ancient Israel and modern Israel.
  • Final punctuation should occur within quotation marks, except for semicolons. Parenthetical citations should be closed before the period. Endnote numbers should follow final punctuation or the closing of a quotation or parenthesis.
  • Scripture citations should be standardly abbreviated (see table below), unless the citation begins the sentence (e.g., We see in 1 Cor 4:20 . . .; First Corinthians 4:20 says . . .). A period does not follow the abbreviation. Multiple references within one chapter are separated by commas followed by a space (e.g., John 3:3, 5). Multiple references in different chapters and books are separated by a semicolon followed by a space (e.g., Mark 1:14; 14:10, 11). Citations of scripture quotations or paraphrases should be given in parentheses following the reference if not incorporated into the sentence itself. Long lists of references may be included in a footnote/endnote citation.


Gen Exod Lev Num Deut Josh Judg Ruth 1-2 Sam 1-2 Kgs 1-2 Chr Ezra Neh Esth Job Ps/Pss Prov Eccl Song Isa Jer Lam Ezek Dan Hos Joel Amos Obad Jonah Mic Nah Hab Zeph Hag Zech Mal Matt Mark Luke John Acts Rom 1-2 Cor Gal Eph Phil Col 1-2 Thess 1-2 Tim Titus Phlm Heb Jas 1-2 Pet 1-2-3 John Jude Rev