Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX"), 20 U.S.C. Sec. 1681, et seq., prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The Department of Education has issued the Dear Colleague Letter to explain that the requirements of Title IX cover sexual violence and to remind schools1 of their responsibilities to take immediate and effective steps to respond to sexual violence in accordance with the requirements of Title IX. In the context of the letter, sexual violence means physical sexual acts perpetrated against a person’s will or where a person is incapable of giving consent. A number of acts fall into the category of sexual violence, including rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.
1"Schools" includes all recipients of federal funding and includes school districts, colleges, and universities.)