The federal False Claims Act (FCA) "prohibits false or fraudulent claims for payment to the United States," and authorizes civil lawsuits by the Attorney General or by private individuals on behalf of the government. The penalties can include treble damages, and an individual who brings a successful claim is entitled to a portion of the damages collected.
Baylor, as a recipient of federal contract grant dollars, is subject to the affirmative action hiring requirements imposed by Executive Order 11246. That order prohibits federal contractors from discriminating in employment decisions on the basis of race, color religion, sex or national origin. It also requires that recipients "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, color, religion, sex or national origin." These requirements apply to the entire university community regardless of whether a hiring department receives federal grant funding.
The U.S. has implemented laws and regulations that control several aspects of international transactions (including transactions with foreign nationals in the U.S.). In general, the policies underlying the laws and regulations relate to national security, terrorist activities, immigration, commerce, and economic sanctions or embargoes against specific countries. As Baylor's research and international operations evolve and increase, these laws and regulations will have increasing impact on Baylor's operations.
Research on human subjects presents a number of legal, ethical and scientific complexities. This article explores a number of legal issues which should be considered when conducting research in this area.