Definition: Information about the origin of the resource, including place of origin or publication, publisher/originator, and dates associated with the resource.
Comment: "OriginInfo" is a wrapper element that contains all subelements related to publication and origination information. It includes all dates associated with the resource (except for temporal coverage, which goes under "subject" and dates of the metadata, which go in "recordInfo"), and issuance information. Data is input only within each subelement.
Subelements: place

Definition:Name of a place associated with the issuing, publication, release, distribution, manufacture, production, or origin of a resource.

Application:"place" is a wrapper element for placeTerm to indicate place of publication/origin. Places as subjects are included under "subject" "geographic" or "subject" "hierarchicalGeographic". "place" is used in connection with the origin of a resource, i.e., publication, issuance, etc.

placeTerm (subelement of place)

Application:"placeTerm" is used to express place in a textual or coded form. If both a code and a term are given that represent the same place, use one "place" and multiple occurrences of "placeTerm". If different places, repeat "place" "placeTerm".


Definition: The name of the entity that published, printed, distributed, released, issued, or produced the resource.

Application: "publisher" includes the name of a publisher/originator or a statement about publication/origin. It is equivalent to MARC 21 field 260 subfield $b.

Dates (Note that there is no wrapper element for dates)


Definition: The date that the resource was published, released or issued.

Application: "dateIssued" is equivalent to dates in MARC 21 field 260 subfield $c. It may be in textual or structured form. "dateIssued" may be recorded according to the MARC 21 rules for field 008/07-14 with encoding="marc."


Definition: The date of creation of the resource.

Application: "dateCreated" may be in textual or structured form. This type of date is recorded in various places in MARC 21: field 260 subfield $g, for some types of material in field 260 subfield $c, date of original in field 534 subfield $c and date of reproduction in field 533 subfield $d. If creation date is also the origination date as used in MARC 21 field 260 subfield $c, use the "dateIssued" element or repeat both "dateCreated" and "dateIssued".


Definition: The date on which the resource was digitized or a subsequent snapshot was taken.

Application:"dateCaptured" is particularly useful for Web resources because of their changeability. This could be a date that the resource was captured or could also be the date of creation. This is roughly equivalent to MARC field 033.


Definition: A date in which the content of a resource is valid.

Application: "dateValid" is roughly equivalent to MARC 21 field 046 subfields $m and $n.


Definition: A date in which a resource is modified or changed.

Application: Note that dateModified is used for modification of the resource, not of the metadata. In many cases a modified resource may be considered a new resource and described as such."dateModified" is roughly equivalent to MARC 21 field 046 subfield $j.


Definition: A date in which a resource is copyrighted.

Application: "dateCopyright" does not have a single MARC 21 equivalent. A copyright date may be used in 260$c preceded by the letter "c" if it appears that way on the resource.


Definition: A date that does not fall into another category but is important to record.

Application: "dateOther" may be used with the "type" attribute to designate a specific kind of date which was not deemed of sufficient general use to have its own date element.


Definition: Information identifying the edition or version to which the resource belongs.

Application: Resources that constitute the same "edition" generally embody essentially the same content. "edition" is equivalent to MARC 21 field 250.


Definition: A term that designates how the resource is issued.

Application:"issuance" is equivalent to those values in MARC 21 Leader/07 that designate issuance characteristics. "Collection, which designates an aggregation level is included in the collection attribute in the "typeOfResource" element. "issuance" may be used with the following values:

  • continuing - A resource that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion. Continuing resources include serials and ongoing integrating resources, i.e. those that are continuously updated. The value is equivalent to codes "b," "i" and "s" in Leader/07.
  • monographic - A resource that is either complete in one part or intended to be completed in a finite number of separate parts. The value is equivalent to codes "a," "c," "d" and "m" in Leader/07.

Definition: A statement of publication frequency in a textual form.