Element Terms

dc:contributor

Definition:

Contributor can either be a person, corporate body (Ex. professional organization), or a conference involved in a secondary role in creating the content of an object or the collection as a whole.

Comment:

Examples of a contributor include translator, advisor, organization, business, performer, composer, lyricist, etc. 

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 7XX fields (Ex. 700(personal name), 710(corporate name), 711(conference name)). 

MODS: <name>.

dc:coverage

Definition:

The spatial and/or temporal characteristics of the resource.

Comment:

This element is the extent or scope of the content of the resource including spatial location (Ex. geographic coordinates) or a temporal period (Ex. date range, time period). 

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 500, 522, or 513 fields.

MODS: <geographic>, <temporal>, <hierarchicalGeographic>, or <cartographics> wrapped in <subject>.

dc:creator

Definition:

The creator can either be a person, corporate body (Ex. professional organization), or a conference who claims primary responsibility for creating the content of the object.

Comment:

Examples of creator are author, composer, performer, editor, photographer, artist, etc.  For contributors associated with a collection, or ones who made less of a contribution than the creator for an object, use the contributor element. 

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 1XX fields (Ex. 100(personal name), 110(corporate name), 111(conference name)).

MODS: <name>.

dc:date

Definition:

The date when the resource was created.

Comment:

There are many types of dates: date published, copyright date, digitized date, etc. (Ex. ©1990, 1976). 

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 260 subfield $c and 008/07-14.

MODS: <dateIssued>, <dateCreated>, <dateCaptured>, or<dateOther> wrapped in <originInfo>.

dc:description

Definition:

Additional information about the resource that does not fit into any of the other elements.

Comment:

This element can include many types of information including an abstract, contents, performer information, access rights, etc. 

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 5XX fields (Ex. 500(general note), 506(rights note), 520(abstract note), 505(contents note)). 

MODS: <abstract>, <tableOfContents>, and <note>.


dc:format

Definition:

The file format, physical medium, or dimensions of the resource.

Comment:

This includes not the format of the item, but the physical medium, dimensions, pagination, or duration of the object (Ex. 116 p.).

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 3XX fields (Ex. 300(physical description) and 306(duration)). 

MODS: <physicalDescription>.

dc:identifier

Definition:

A unique reference that identifies the resource uniquely.

Comment:

Recommended best practice is to use a numeric, alpha, or alpha-numeric string formed by an identification system to identify the resource uniquely. 

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 010-09x or 9XX fields.

MODS: <classification> and <identifier>.

dc:language

Definition:

The language the resource is in.

Comment:

A resource may have multiple languages, so use of this element is very important.  The standard usage of language names is the 3 letter abbreviation found in the ISO639-2 and the MARC Language Code List documentation.

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 008/35-37 and only 041 when there is more than one language.

MODS: <language>.

dc:publisher

Definition:

Publisher is an entity that issued the resource making it available to the public.

Comment:

Usually the publisher element is a corporate body (Ex. Disney, Inc.) or to a lesser extent a person.  Also included in this element is the place where the resource was issued (Ex. NewYork).

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 260 subfield $a and $b.

MODS: <publisher> wrapped in <originInfo>.

dc:relation

Definition:

An item related to the current resource being described.

Comment:

This element is a reference to an important related resource to the current item being described.

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 76X-78X fields.

MODS: <relatedItem>.

dc:rights

Definition:

Rights information about the current resource being described.

Comment:

Rights information includes intellectual property rights, copyright, and other various property rights (Ex. disclaimers).  Usually this element contains a rights statement for the resource.

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 506 and 540 fields.

MODS: <accessCondition>.

dc:source

Definition:

An item the current resource being described is derived from.

Comment:

This is where information about the original item is put.

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 786 field.

MODS: <relatedItem type=”original”> with <titleInfo><title> or <location><url>.

dc:subject

Definition:

The theme of a resource.

Comment:

The subject can be represented either by keywords, phrases, controlled headings like Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), or a controlled vocabulary that your institution has created locally.

Equivalent:

MARC 21: 6XX fields (Ex. 600(personal name subject), 650(topical subject), 651(geographic subject)).

MODS: <subject>.

dc:title

Definition:

A name given to the resource.

Comment:

The title element is typically the name already assigned to the object at the item level (Ex. album, document file, object, image).

Equivalent:

MARC: 245 and 246 fields.

MODS: <titleInfo> and its subelements.

dc:type

Definition:

The nature or category of the resource’s content.

Comment:

This element can include general categories, genres, or local controlled category vocabularies.

Equivalent:

MARC 21: Leader/06 and Leader/07 fields.

MODS: <typeOfResource> or <genre>.