The Language and Articulation Preschool Class in the Baylor University Speech Hearing and Language Clinic is designed to offer treatment for pre-school children who have been identified with moderate to severe speech and language impairments which interfere with learning. Treatment is provided in a small group setting in a pre-school environment utilizing intensive speech and language stimulation and intervention. The class meets Monday through Thursday. An individualized plan is implemented for speech and language improvement and expansion using naturally occurring routines, social interactions and storybook units.
Children will be considered for selection who are 2 1/2 years to 5 years of age, who have speech and language impairments with average cognitive skills, functional hearing and vision abilities and whose behavior is ready for group instruction. Enrollment is limited due to small class size and low clinician-child ratio. Formal assessment must be completed at the Baylor University Clinic before being considered for the program.
Each client is assigned a clinician for the semester to facilitate the client's classroom experiences while following the semester treatment plan. Each graduate clinician also gains experience preparing lessons for the entire class and preparing and leading those lessons on a rotation plan.
Provision for this program was initiated and continues to be provided by the Dr. and Mrs. Herbert Reynolds Endowment. This unique program has continued to offer support and training for graduate students and treatment for children with communicaiton disorders and their families for many years.
Mrs. Janice Stewart, MS, CCC-SLP, Director
The LAP program functions on a semester basis based on the Baylor University academic calendar. Treatment is provided for 10 hours weekly, Mondays through Thursdays from 8:15 - 10:45.
The program of treatment is a hybrid approach developed to address the communication needs of this preschool population. Articulation stimulation and treatment is provided for the classroom using Hodson's Cycles Approach. Target words are chosen from the storybook to target the highlighted process for the week. Auditory bombardment is provided in selected activities to encourage elimination of selected phonological processes. Individual treatment for articulation is planned based on the needs of the client and may include the Kaufman approach, multi-phoneme approach, a phonological approach or the traditional articulation approach.
Treatment for language delays uses an eclectic approach using the Activity Based Language Intervention Approach as well as Direct Language Treatment Approaches. Scripted play, joint actions routines and repeated storybook reading are used by the clinicians during daily classroom routines. Play routines using typical preschool toys and materials, storybook reading, snack and group games and activities are designed to increase communication opportunities for these children.
Procedures used by the clinician include strong visual strategies and supports as well as principles of the TEACCH method. Clinicians learn to use techniques such as event casts, focused contrasts, modeling, scaffolding, expansions, and recasts. The classroom is equipped with an FM system to be used by the lead clinician for group instruction to enhance the auditory signal assisting in developing focused attention. Clients also have access to individual FM use during individual sessions.
Does this program offer other treatment such as OT or PT?
This program is not a substitute for a program such as PPCD or the public school programs where the IEPs (individualized educational plans) are comprehensive and include OT and PT.
Does the program offer help for parents of children with communication delays?
Each semester the graduate clinicians provide a training program for the parents. Programs may include ways to address the needs at home for communicating and interacting with the children or ways to plan for the next step in school for children with communication delays.
Based on the needs of the clients
Additional Family activities and field trips provide opportunities for parents to interact with the clinicians and families enrolled in the program. We have taken trips to PetSmart, Cameron Park Zoo, the Mayborn Children's Museum, the Baylor Bear Cave and the Fire Station.