Determining Correct Visa Type

"We're inviting someone to lecture and we'd like to pay an honorarium and/or reimburse expenses..."
(Reimbursements do not require SSN or ITIN)

Visa type Allows
Recommended J-1 Short-term Scholar Any type of payment
Application for SSN
Alternate B-1/B-2 or Visa Waiver Honorarium; stay is limited and individual
must have an SSN /ITIN



"We're hiring an international student who is graduating from an American institution..."

Visa type Allows
Recommended F-1 Optional Practical Training* Up to one year employment in field of study
Alternate J-1 Academic Training* Up to 18 mo. Employment in field of study or up to 36 mo. as postdoctoral researcher

*Student should apply for authorization through the International Office of the institution from which he/she has recently graduated.



"We're hiring an international person for non-tenured teaching/research position..."

Visa type Allows
Recommended J-1 Short-term*
TN (Canadian)
J-1 Scholar/Researcher*
6 month maximum
1 year increments
5 years maximum
Alternate H-1B 6 years maximum

* Individuals are subject to the two year home residency requirement



"We're hiring an international person for a tenure-track or tenured position..."

Visa type Allows
Recommended H-1B 6 years maximum
Alternate O-1
TN (Canadian)
If H-1B isn't available
If H-1B isn't available