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Ecological threshold research featured on the cover of ES&T. See Richardson et al. (2007).
Everglades research featured on the cover photo of Ecosystems. See King et al. (2004).
Bold = member of Aquatic Ecology Lab* = Baylor students or postdocs Taylor, J. M.*, R.S. King, A. Pease, and K.O. Winemiller. 2014. Nonlinear response in stream ecosystem structure to low level phosphorus enrichment. Freshwater Biology 59:969-984 PDF
Dekar, M. P.*, C. McCauley*, J. W. Ray*, and R. S. King. 2014. Thermal tolerance, survival, and recruitment among cyprinids exposed to competition and chronic heat stress in experimental streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society in press.
Callahan, M.K., M. C. Rains, J. C. Bellino, C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham and R. S. King. Trends and Controls of Surface Water Temperatures in Headwater Streams in Two Common Geomorphic Settings, Kenai Peninsula. Journal of the American Water Resources Association (in press)King, R.S. and M.E. Baker. 2014. Use, misuse, and limitations of Threshold Indicator Taxa Analysis (TITAN) for natural resource management. pp 231-254 In: G. Guntenspergen (editor), Application of Threshold Concepts in Natural Resource Decision Making, Springer.
Richardson, C. J. and R. S. King. 2013. A primer on sampling plant communities in wetlands. pp. 197-224 In: Methods in Biogeochemistry of Wetlands. Soil Science Society of America.
Back, J.A., and R. S. King. 2013. Sex and size matter: Ontogenetic patterns of nutrient content of aquatic insects. Freshwater Science 32:837-848 PDF
Baker, M.E., and R. S. King. 2013. Of TITAN and straw men: an appeal for greater understanding of community data. Freshwater Science 32:489-506. PDF
Lang, D.A.*, R.S. King, and J.T. Scott. 2012. Divergent responses of biomass and enzyme activities suggest differential nutrient limitation in stream periphyton. Freshwater Science 31:1096-1104. PDF
Husemann, M.*, J. W. Ray*, R. S. King, E. Hooser*, and P.D. Danley. 2012. Comparative biogeography reveals differences in population genetic structure of five species of stream fishes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 107:867-885. PDF
Bernhardt, E. S., B. D. Lutz, R. S. King, A. M. Helton, C. A. Carter, J. P. Fay, D. Campagna, J. Amos. 2012. How many mountains can we mine? Assessing the regional degradation of Central Appalachian rivers by surface coal mining. Environmental Science & Technology 46: 8115�8122 PDF
Ray, J.W.*, M. Husemann*, R. S. King, and P. D. Danley. 2012. Genetic analysis reveals dispersal of Florida bass haplotypes from reservoirs to rivers in central Texas. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:1269�1273 PDF
Stanley, C. E.*, J. M. Taylor*, and R. S. King. 2012. Coupling fish community structure with instream flow and habitat connectivity between two hydrologically extreme years. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:1000-1015. PDF
Taylor, J. M.*, J. A. Back*, T. W. Valenti*, and R. S. King. 2012. Fish-mediated nutrient cycling and benthic microbial processes: Can consumers influence stream nutrient cycling at multiple spatial scales? Freshwater Science 31:928-944. PDF
Studds, C. E., W. V. DeLuca, M. E. Baker, R. S. King, and P. P. Marra. 2012. Land cover and rainfall interact to shape waterbird community composition. PLoS One 7.e35969, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035969. PDF
King, R. S., C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham, S. J. Baird, and J. A. Back*. 2012. Catchment topography and wetland geomorphology drive macroinvertebrate community structure and juvenile salmonid distributions in southcentral Alaska headwater streams. Freshwater Science 31:341-364 PDF
Walker, C. M., R. S. King, Whigham, D. W.,and S. J. Baird. 2012. Landscape and wetland influences on headwater stream chemistry in the Kenai Lowlands, Alaska. Wetlands 32:301-310 PDF
Taylor, J. M.*, J. A. Back*, and R. S. King. 2012. Grazing minnows increase benthic autotrophy and enhance the response of periphyton elemental composition to experimental phosphorus additions. Freshwater Science 31:451-462 PDF
Whigham, D. W., C. M. Walker, R. S. King, and S. J. Baird. 2012. Multiple scales of influence on wetland vegetation associated with headwater streams in Alaska, USA. Wetlands 32:411-422 PDF
Dekar, M. P.*, R. S. King, C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham, and J. A. Back*. 2012. Allochthonous inputs from grass-dominated wetlands support juvenile salmonids in headwater streams: evidence from stable isotopes of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Freshwater Science 31:121-132. PDF
Shaftel, R. S.*, R. S. King, and J. A. Back*. 2012. Alder cover drives nitrogen availability in Kenai Peninsula headwater streams, Alaska. Biogeochemistry 107:135-148 PDF
Pease, A. A.^, J. M. Taylor*^, K. O. Winemiller, and R. S. King. 2011. Multiscale environmental influences on fish assemblage structure in central Texas streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140:1409-1427. PDF ^co-first authors.
King, R. S., M. E. Baker, P. F. Kazyak, and D. E. Weller. 2011. How novel is too novel? Stream community thresholds at exceptionally low levels of catchment urbanization. Ecological Applications 21:1659-1678 -->PDFValenti, T. W.*, J.M. Taylor*, J.A. Back*, R.S. King, and B. W. Brooks. 2011. Influence of drought and total phosphorus on diel pH in wadeable streams: Implications for ecological risk assessment of ionizable contaminants. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. 7:636-647 -->PDF
Shaftel, R. S.*, R. S. King, and J. A. Back*. 2011. Breakdown rates, nutrient quality, and macroinvertebrate colonization of bluejoint grass litter in headwater streams of the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30:386-398.-->PDF
King, R. S.^ and M. E. Baker^. 2011. An alternative view of ecological community thresholds and appropriate analyses for their detection. Ecological Applications 21:2833-2839 ^equal contributors -->PDF
Baker, M. E.^ and R. S. King^. 2010. A new method for detecting and interpreting biodiversity and ecological community thresholds. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 1:25-37, doi: 10.1111/j.2041-210X.2009.00007.x
-->R code, data, & user's guide
^Joint first authors
King, R. S.^ and M. E. Baker^. 2010. Considerations for analyzing ecological community thresholds in response to anthropogenic environmental gradients. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29:998-1008. -->PDF
^Joint first authors
Dodds, W. K., W. H. Clements, K. Gido, R.H. Hilderbrand, and R. S. King. 2010. Thresholds, breakpoints, and non-linearity in freshwater systems as related to management. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29:988-997 -->PDF
Fulton, B. A.*, R. A. Brain, S. Usenko, J. A. Back*, R. S. King, and B. W. Brooks. 2009. Influence of N and P concentrations and ratios on Lemna gibba growth responses to triclosan in laboratory and stream mesocosm experiments. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 28:2610-2621. -->PDF
Whigham, D.F., M. C. Whigham, I. Feller, W. Rodriguez, and R. S. King. 2009. Ecological characteristics of Batis maritima in Florida and Belize. Smithsonian Contributions to Marine Sciences 38: 491-499. -->PDF
Scott, J. T.*, D. A. Lang*, R. S. King, and R. D. Doyle. 2009. Nitrogen fixation and phosphatase activity in periphyton growing on nutrient diffusing substrata: Evidence for differential nutrient limitation in stream benthos. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28:57-68 -->PDF
DeLuca, W. V., C. E. Studds, R. S. King, P. P. Marra. 2008. Coastal development and the integrity of estuarine waterbird communities: threshold responses and the importance of scale. Biological Conservation 141:2669-2678 -->PDF
Richardson, C. J., R. S. King, S. S. Qian, P. Vaithiyanathan, R. G. Qualls, and C. A. Stow. 2008. Response to comment on �Estimating ecological thresholds for phosphorus in the Everglades�. Environmental Science & Technology 42: 6772-6773.
Scott. J. T.*, J. A. Back*, J. M. Taylor*, and R. S. King. 2008. Does nutrient enrichment decouple algal-bacterial production in periphyton? Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27:332-334. -->PDF
Back, J. A.*, J. M. Taylor*, R. S. King, K. L. Fallert*, and E. H. Hintzen*. 2008. Ontogenetic differences in mayfly stoichiometry influence growth rates in response to phosphorus enrichment. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 171:233-240. PDF
King, R. S. and C. J. Richardson. 2008. Macroinvertebrate responses to a gradient of long-term nutrient additions, altered hydroperiod and fire. Pp 277-320 In: The Everglades Experiments: Lessons for Ecosystem Restoration, ed. C. J. Richardson. New York. Springer-Verlag. PDF
Richardson, C. J., R. S. King, S. S. Qian, P. Vaithiyanathan, R. G. Qualls, and C. A. Stow. 2008. An ecological basis for establishment of a phosphorus threshold for the Everglades ecosystem. Pp 595�620 In: The Everglades Experiments: Lessons for Ecosystem Restoration, ed. C. J. Richardson. New York. Springer-Verlag.
King, R. S. and C. J. Richardson. 2008. Macroinvertebrate and fish responses to experimental P additions in Everglades sloughs. Pp 477-504 In The Everglades Experiments: Lessons for Ecosystem Restoration, ed. C. J. Richardson. New York. Springer-Verlag. (PDF)
Ka�tovsk�, J., K. Ka�tovsk�, M. Bastl, J. Vymazal, R. S. King, and C. J. Richardson. 2008. Experimental assessment of phosphorus effects on algal assemblages in dosing mesocosms. Pp 461-476 In: The Everglades Experiments: Lessons for Ecosystem Restoration, ed. C. J. Richardson. New York. Springer-Verlag.
Richardson, C. J., J. Vymazal, R. S. King, E. A. Romanowicz, and J W. Pahl. 2008. Macrophyte community responses in the Everglades with an emphasis on cattail (Typha domingensis) and sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) interactions along a gradient of long-term nutrient additions, altered hydroperiod and fire. Pp 215-260 In: The Everglades Experiments: Lessons for Ecosystem Restoration, ed. C. J. Richardson. New York. Springer-Verlag.
Rosenberg, D. M., V. H. Resh, and R. S. King. 2008. Use of aquatic insects in biomonitoring. In: R. W. Merritt K. W. Cummins, and M. Berg (editors). An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America, 4th edition. Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, IA.
Richardson, C. J., R. S. King, S. S. Qian, P. Vaithiyanathan, R. G. Qualls, and C. A. Stow. 2007. Estimating ecological thresholds for phosphorus in the Everglades. Environmental Science & Technology 41:8084-8091 (featured on cover). (PDF).
King, R. S. and C. J. Richardson. 2007. Subsidy-stress response of macroinvertebrate community biomass to a phosphorus gradient in an oligotrophic wetland ecosystem. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 26:491-508.(PDF)
King, R. S., W. V. DeLuca, D. F. Whigham, and P. P. Marra. 2007. Threshold effects of coastal urbanization on Phragmites australis (common reed) abundance and foliar nitrogen in Chesapeake Bay. Estuaries and Coasts 30:469-481 (featured on cover). (PDF)
King, R. S., M. E. Baker, D. F. Whigham, D. E. Weller, T. E. Jordan, P. F. Kazyak, and M. K. Hurd. 2005. Spatial considerations for linking watershed land cover to ecological indicators in streams. Ecological Applications 15:137-153. (PDF)
King, R. S., A. H. Hines, F. D. Craige, and S. Grap. 2005. Regional, watershed, and local correlates of blue crab and bivalve abundances in subestuaries of Chesapeake Bay, USA. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 319:101-116. (PDF)
King, R. S., J. Beaman, D. F. Whigham, A. H. Hines, M. E. Baker, and D. E. Weller. 2004. Watershed land use is strongly linked to PCBs in white perch in Chesapeake Bay subestuaries. Environmental Science and Technology 38:6546-6552. (PDF)
King, R. S., C. J. Richardson, D. L. Urban, and E. A. Romanowicz. 2004. Spatial dependency of vegetation-environment linkages in an anthropogenically influenced wetland ecosystem. Ecosystems 7:75-97 (featured on cover). (PDF)
Qian, S. S., Y. Pan, and R. S. King. 2004. Soil phosphorus threshold in the Everglades: a Bayesian changepoint analysis for multinomial response data. Ecological Indicators 4:29-37. (PDF)
King, R. S. and C. J. Richardson. 2003. Integrating bioassessment and ecological risk assessment: an approach to developing numerical water-quality criteria. Environmental Management 31:795-809. (PDF)
Qian, S. S., R. S. King, and C. J. Richardson. 2003. Two statistical methods for the detection of environmental thresholds. Ecological Modelling 166:87-97. (PDF)
King, R. S. and C. J. Richardson. 2002. Evaluating subsampling approaches and macroinvertebrate taxonomic resolution for wetland bioassessment. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 21:150-171. (PDF)
King, R. S., K. T. Nunnery, and C. J. Richardson. 2000. Macroinvertebrate assemblage response to highway crossings in forested wetlands: implications for biological assessment. Wetlands Ecology and Management 8:243-256. (PDF)
Lemly, A. D. and R. S. King. 2000. An insect-bacteria bioindicator for assessing detrimental nutrient enrichment in wetlands. Wetlands 20:91-100. (PDF)
King, R. S. and J. C. Brazner. 1999. Coastal wetland insect communities along a trophic gradient in Green Bay, Lake Michigan. Wetlands 19:426-437. (PDF)
King, R. S. and D. A. Wrubleski. 1998. Spatial and diel availability of flying insects as potential duckling food in prairie wetlands. Wetlands 18:100-114. (PDF)�
Manuscripts under internal or peer review
Hiatt, D., P. Kostka, R. S. King et al. Nitrogen-fixing alder at the catchment scale controls benthic nitrogen fixation in headwater streams.
Ray, J. W., M. Husemann, R. S. King, and P. D. Danley. Genetic impoverishment of spotted bass Micropterus punctulatus in Texas and a reevaluation of the relationships of Micropterus species found in Texas
Pease, A. A., J. M. Taylor*, K. O. Winemiller, and R. S. King. Functional trait diversity and trait-environment relationships in central Texas stream fish assemblages: implications for biomonitoring.
Back, J. A.*, J. M. Taylor, and R. S. King. Sex and size, subsized: Effect of stream phosphorus enrichment on P content and maximum size of two mayfly species.
Kornis, M., D.Breitburg, R. Balouskus, D. M. Bilkovic, L. A. Davias, S. Giordano, K. Heggie, A.H. Hines1, J. M. Jacobs, T. E. Jordan, R. S. King, C. J. Patrick, R. D. Seitz, H. Soulen, D. E. Weller, D. F. Whigham and J.Uphoff. Linking the abundance of estuarine fish and mobile shellfish to shoreline hardening and land cover.
M.K. Callahan, D. F. Whigham, M. C. Rains, R. S. King, C. M. Walker, J. R. Maurer, and S. J. Baird. Nitrogen subsidies from hillslope alder stands to streamside wetlands and headwater streams, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska.
L. F. Baker*, R. S. King, J. M. Unrine, G. V. Lowry, and C. W. Matson. Fate and transport of cerium nanoparticles in stream mesocosms differs between pulse and press exposures.
King, R. S., R.A. Brain, J.A. Back, V. Toteu Djomte*, W. C. Scott*, S. R. Virgil*, M. V. Wright*, B. W. Brooks, C. Becker, A. J. Hosmer, and C. K. Chambliss. Effects of pulsed atrazine exposures on autotrophic community structure, biomass, and production in field-based stream mesocosms.
Cook, S. C.*, R. S. King*, C. J. Robbins*, A. D. Yeager*, C. M. Walker, and D. F. Whigham. Macroinvertebrate abundance dramatically increases in response to low-level dissolved organic carbon additions in an Alaskan headwater stream.
D. L. Hiatt*, R. S. King, J. A. Back and R. D. Doyle. Water velocity and nutrient availability control periphyton enzyme activity in subtropical limestone streams.
Robbins, C. J.*, R. S. King, A. D. Yeager, C. M. Walker, J. A. Back, and D. F. Whigham. Low-level addition of dissolved organic carbon increases nitrogen uptake and bacterial biomass production in an Alaskan headwater stream.
Hooker, K. V.*, P. K. Kostka*, W. C. Hockaday, C. M. Walker, D. F. Whigham, and R. S. King. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance reveals effects of catchment alder cover on leaf litter breakdown in Alaskan headwater streams.
Voss., K., R. S. King, and E. H. Bernhardt. From a line in the sand to a landscape of decisions: estimating biodiversity loss in central Appalachian streams.
Yeager, A. D.*, R. D. Doyle, C. J. Robbins*, C. M. Walker, and R. S. King*. Low-level dissolved organic carbon additions influence periphyton enzyme activity, metabolism and biomass accrual in an Alaskan headwater stream.
King, R. S., C. M. Walker, A. D. Yeager*, C. J. Robbins*, S. C. Cook*, J. R. Maurer, R. D. Doyle, and D. F. Whigham. From microbes to salmonids: Dramatic ecosystem response to low-level dissolved organic carbon additions in an Alaskan headwater stream.
Wright, M. V.*, R. S. King*, L. F. Baker*, and C. W. Matson. Interactions between titanium dioxide nanoparticles and fish grazing of periphyton in outdoor stream mesocosms
King, R. S., B. W. Brooks, J. A. Back*, J. M Taylor*, and B.A Fulton*. 2009. Linking Observational and Experimental Approaches for the Development of Regional Nutrient Criteria for Wadeable Streams. Section 104(b)(3) Water Quality Cooperative Agreement #CP-966137-01 U. S. EPA Region 6, Dallas, TX. PDF�
King, R. S., K. O. Winemiller, J.M Taylor*, J. A. Back* and A. Pease*. 2009. Development of biological indicators of nutrient enrichment for application in Texas streams. �106 Water Pollution Control Grant # 98665304, Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Austin, TX. PDF�