Baylor > Welcome > Graduate > PhD Requirements > Religion and Literature
Religion and Literature Concentration
Requirements for the Interdisciplinary PhD in Religion & Literature
The interdisciplinary Ph.D. concentration in Religion and Literature is designed to give students the opportunity to pursue interests in the academic study of religion while obtaining a degree that will equip them to fill a traditional position in an English department. Because of Baylor's mission to integrate faith and learning and its Baptist heritage, the University is uniquely qualified to offer a degree that spans both fields of inquiry. Besides successful graduate programs in English and Religion, the University also houses the Institute for Faith and Learning. After taking foundational courses in Religion and Literature and literary theory, students will have a range of English and Religion courses to choose from in order to pursue their own research interests within the areas of Religion and Literature.
Application for admission to both the Graduate School and the doctoral program in English is made by securing and completing the proper forms from the Graduate School. An application form also is available on the website of the Graduate School. Application must be made for the doctoral program in English even if the student is already enrolled in the Graduate School.
Direct admission to the doctoral program is possible under two conditions:
1. For students with the B.A. degree: the following requirements must be met or exceeded:
GRE: 700 verbal, 500 quantitative
Undergraduate GPA: 3.0 overall, 3.5 English (4.0 system)
After successfully completing 15 semester hours, the student either becomes an official doctoral candidate or converts to the M.A. program, depending upon the recommendation of the graduate faculty.
One who is directly admitted to the doctoral program does not write the M.A. thesis and thus does not take 6 hours for the thesis. The student saves about one year or more by not writing a thesis. Of course, the M.A. degree is not received. The doctoral dissertation is written, and the Ph.D. degree is attained. See below for total number of hours required.
An individual on probation after 9 hours automatically converts to the M.A. program.
2. Students presently enrolled in the M.A. program, or who shall in the future enroll in the M.A. program, may convert to the Ph. D. program after successfully completing 15 hours with a GPA of 3.5.
In all cases involving 1 or 2 above, the student shall petition the graduate faculty for permission to enter the Ph. D. program. The Graduate Program Director will then assign a committee of three English Department graduate faculty members--if possible, former instructors of the individual--to study the student's petition and performance and to make a recommendation to the graduate faculty.
In all other cases, admission is contingent upon meeting the following requirements:
1. a master's degree from an accredited university;
2. the necessary English course requirements (see Graduate Catalog);
3. an undergraduate grade point average (GPA) of at least 3.5 in English and 3.0 overall;
4. a Graduate Record Examination aptitude score of at least 1000 (verbal plus quantitative), the verbal score of which must be at least 650;
5. three acceptable letters of recommendation;
6. a writing sample of 15-20 pages.
7. approval of the Graduate School
Probationary admission may be allowed when the undergraduate grade point average in English falls below 3.5 but not below 3.0 and/or the overall grade point average falls below 3.0 but not below 2.7, or when the Graduate Record Examination composite aptitude score falls below 1000 and/or the verbal section below 600. Probationary admission requires the approval of the departmental graduate committee and means that the student must make a "B" average in the first 9 graduate hours of coursework at Baylor. Final approval rests with the Graduate School. One may not hold an assistantship while on probation.
For those individuals for whom one or more admission requirements (i.e., GRE scores, transcripts, letters of recommendation, etc.) may be lacking, the Graduate School will approve permission to register as a "Graduate Special" student, provided the following conditions are met:
1. the Graduate School has received a completed application and payment of the $50.00 application fee, (no processing is initiated without the application fee);
2. the Graduate Program Director has approved up to but no more than nine (9) hours of graduate coursework toward the program of study associated with the desired degree;
3. if conditions 1 and 2 are met, the Graduate School will complete and submit the Advisor Slip for "graduate special" students to the Registrar's Office;
4. if admission requirements are not satisfied by the end of the semester in which the student is registered for the ninth graduate credit, the student will be rejected for admission by the Graduate School and no further graduate-level registration will be permitted.
Submission of Application and Assistantships Available
The deadline for applying for fall admission is February 15. It is imperative that the applicant who wishes to receive an assistantship have all components of the application in at least by that dateG«"and preferably by January 31. The English graduate program has three types of assistantships available. These assistantships carry stipends and tuition coverage that are highly competitive with those offered by other universities. Inquiries should be made of the Graduate Program Director. An Application for Assistantship form must be completed and submitted to the Graduate Program Director.
A Supervisory Committee will be assigned to the student when the student has determined his/her area of emphasis and the director of the dissertation. This committee is composed of three members: the student's director (a Graduate Faculty member) from the major area of study (who will serve as Chair of the Supervisory Committee), the Chairperson of the Department of English or the Graduate Program Director, and a professor who is a Graduate Faculty member from the Department of Religion. The student should consult the chairperson of the Supervisory Committee in all doctoral work up to and including the arrangement of the preliminary examination. If the student is not sure of the precise area of specialization, then the interim Chair of the Supervisory Committee will be the Graduate Program Director. The student now should see that the members of the Supervisory Committee are listed and placed on file in the Department of English office. The Supervisory Committee or its Chair will aid the student in such matters as the selection of courses and languages.
Total Number of Hours
Completion of 42 semester hours of graduate credit beyond the M.A. degree constitutes the minimum requirement. Ten classes are required beyond the M.A. degree. Because emphasis lies upon the adequate preparation of the student, additional work may be required at the discretion of the Supervisory Committee or the Graduate Program Director. Twelve hours of the 42 total must be allocated for the dissertation. No correspondence work may be counted for graduate credit.
For one directly admitted to the doctoral program from the B.A. degree (see above), completion of 66 hours beyond the B.A. is required, with twelve hours of the total allocated for the dissertation. Eighteen graduate classes are required beyond the B.A. degree.
Transfer of no more than 6 semester hours from an accredited institution may be allowed (see Graduate Catalog for conditions).
An Advisor's Slip to be signed by the Graduate Program Director is required each semester for proper registration.
Specific Course Requirements
The following courses must be taken either during the undergraduate or graduate periods of study:
One graduate course in Religion and Literature;
One course in Old English language;
One course concerned with introduction to graduate studies, such as the bibliography and research methods course or an equivalent course at another university;
One course in literary theory.
Of the remaining course requirements, at least three must be filled by graduate-level courses in the Department of English with the rest to be chosen from Department of Religion offerings or cross-listed seminars.
A reading knowledge of two languages in addition to English is required. The Supervisory Committee must approve the selection of languages. Completion of language requirements must be met before the preliminary examination is authorized. A language requirement may be satisfied by any of the five methods designated in the Graduate Catalog (see "Specific Degree Requirements: Doctoral Degrees"). Note: if option 1 is chosen, the course must have been taken no more than five years before the student was accepted into the Baylor graduate program.
The preliminary examination must be taken within one year of the completion of all course work, although it may be taken while the last semester of course work is in progress. The actual time for the preliminary examination will be determined by the student in consultation with the director of the Supervisory Committee and the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant in the English Office. The preliminary examination must be completed at least one academic year prior to the conferring of the degree and six months prior to the final examination in defense of the dissertation.
The student's Supervisory Committee is responsible for administering and interpreting the results of the preliminary examination. The director of the dissertation, who will serve as chairperson of the committee, has the specific responsibility for arranging and administering the written examination.
The preliminary examination will be constituted of three 3-hour parts, and will cover three areas chosen by the student with the advice and consent of his/her director. The areas will be:
A. One area from Old English, Middle English, Renaissance, Seventeenth Century, Restoration and Eighteenth Century, Romantic, Victorian, Modern British, Contemporary British, Colonial American Literature to 1800, Nineteenth Century American, Modern American, or Contemporary American;
B. The second area will be in an area of religion corresponding to the courses the student has taken;
C. The third area will focus on the synthesis of religion and literature.
The student and the director will select approximately fifteen major works of significant length over which the student will be examined in the major area. For the other two areas, the candidate will select twelve-to-fifteen works for each (24-30 total), again with the approval of his/her examiner. The examiner will have the final say in approving the list of works for his/her particular area.
The examination will be taken over a period of eight working days (two consecutive work weeks). The exam is nine hours, three hours for each part.
The order of procedure for the preliminary examination is as follows:
A. The student should consult the director of his/her committee to arrange times for the written examination. They must consult the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant to set the times.
B. The director, after consulting with the Graduate Program Director, should notify in writing the appropriate professors, asking them to submit a question(s) that requires an answer(s) of about three hours' length. Copies of the request letter should be sent to the Chairperson of the Department of English as well as to the Graduate Program Director. The Supervisory Committee is responsible, in an advisory capacity, for reviewing the appropriateness of the entire examination.
C. The director of the committee is responsible for administering the exams. The student is not to see any questions until the time of administration for each area, nor is he/she to receive any advance information regarding the questions.
D. The director should return the examination answers to the appropriate professors for grading. Each in turn should assign a grade of either "Pass" or "Fail" and return the examination to the director.
E. The director, in consultation with the other members of the Supervisory Committee, should then evaluate the final results of the written examinations. Examinations should be returned to the Graduate Program Director for permanent filing. The director of the committee must fill out the Result of Preliminary Examination form and sign it: he/she should leave it with the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant to secure the signatures of the other examiners, as well as that of the Graduate Program Director.
F. If the student fails any area of his/her written examination, he/she must make up that deficiency no sooner than four months after his/her first attempt. The privilege of taking a second examination will be given at the discretion of the Supervisory Committee. This committee may decide (a) that the initial failure is terminal, or (b) that the student must take the entire written examination again, (c) that thestudent must repeat only those area examinations failed at the first attempt. Under no condition, however, will the student be allowed to take any area examination more than two times. The director is responsible for arranging any make-up parts of the examination.
Within six months after successful completion of the preliminary examination, the Supervisory Committee is replaced by the candidate's Dissertation Committee. This committee includes the director of the dissertation (a Graduate Faculty member), a second member of the department from the area of specialization (a Graduate Faculty member), and an appropriate Graduate Faculty member from the Department of Religion. The student now should see that the members of the Dissertation Committee are listed and placed on file in the Department of English office: he/she must fill out the departmental Dissertation Committee form. With the counsel of his/her Dissertation Committee, the candidate will prepare a formal prospectus of 10-15 pages along with an accompanying bibliography. This prospectus, and the literary, methodological, generic, or other critical questions surrounding the candidate's topic, will provide the subject for a formal prospectus review. Attending the review will be the student, his/her Dissertation Committee, and up to three others (Graduate Faculty members) from within and without the department, invited by the candidate with the approval of the director of the Dissertation Committee. These meetings will normally last about an hour (see Appendix A). The student will pass or fail the prospectus review by a majority vote of the graduate faculty present. The director of the Dissertation Committee must take to the review the departmental Dissertation Prospectus Review form to be signed by all faculty members present, as well as by the candidate. This form should be secured from and returned to the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant.
In order to qualify for candidacy, the student must pass both the written examination and his/her prospectus review.
Admission to Candidacy
Upon completion of residence requirements, language requirements, the preliminary examination, and the prospectus review, the student should make application for admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree. To do this, the student and director must fill out the Record of Candidacy for Doctoral Degree form that should be secured from and returned to the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant. Approval of this application is necessary before the student is recognized as a candidate for a doctoral degree. Application must be made no later than five months prior to the date on which the degree is to be conferred. Admission to candidacy presupposes a minimum of 3.0 (B) average for formal coursework initiated in the Graduate School.
Prior to the conferral of the degree, the candidate generally will have had teaching experience in both composition and literature. This teaching may be done either at Baylor or at another college or university.
The Graduate Faculty expects all graduate students pursuing the Doctor of Philosophy degree to take part in the entire spectrum of professional activities: teaching, service to the department and/or to the University, attending conferences, presenting papers at conferences, and submitting essays for publication.
The student will present an acceptable dissertation in the field of the major study area. The dissertation must give evidence that the student has pursued a program of research, the results of which reveal both superior stylistic and research competence, and offer a significant contribution to knowledge. Work on the dissertation should begin in the preliminary state as early in the academic career as possible, but formally it should begin when the student has completed the preliminary examination. At this time the Dissertation Committee will work closely with the student in approving the topic and directing the research to its conclusion. A prospectus must be approved by the Dissertation Committee, with copies sent to the Graduate Program Director and the Chair of the department. For the formal requirements regarding the dissertation, including the deadlines for the submission of the manuscript, the technical requirements of the manuscript (see the most recent edition of the MLA Handbook; Macintosh Palatino 12 point font or IBM Palisade 12 point font is required), the abstract, binding and microfilming costs, and research course requirements, see the Graduate School Guidelines available in the English Office. Students are reminded that the MLA Handbook was not designed to guide the construction of a dissertation; therefore the Graduate School specifications regarding preliminary pages, chapter format, and other dissertation-specific characteristics must be used in conjunction with the MLA guidelines.
The Final Examination
A final oral examination in defense of the dissertation is required. The candidate, with the approval of the Dissertation Committee, is responsible for arranging the final examination, coordinating its time with the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant and the Graduate School, and bringing all required materials to the examination. The Announcement of Doctoral Oral Examination form specifying the date of the defense must be filled out and sent to the Graduate School at least ten days prior to the defense: see the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant. At this defense there must be a minimum of five examiners: the Dissertation Committee and two other Graduate Faculty members from inside the department. A sixth Graduate Faculty member from inside the department is permitted, but not required. The director of the dissertation must take the Results of Oral Examination form to the defense and have the members present sign it at the conclusion of the defense.
Application for Degree
The student files for graduation at the beginning of the semester in which the student anticipates degree completion. Filing is completed at the Graduate School. The student must have a minimum overall grade point average of 3.0 to be eligible to file.
The maximum time limit allowed is eight years from the date that the student is admitted and begins the doctoral program. The student may petition for an extension of time provided there are extraordinary circumstances. The maximum time permissible may not exceed nine years.
Of particular concern to the English faculty is the writing of its graduate students. Toward that end every graduate class will not only require writing, but will expect a high level of performance from its students.
Appendix -- Graduate Faculty Guidelines: Ph.D. Prospectus and Oral Presentation
The departmental guidelines for Ph.D. candidates provide the following general statement about the dissertation prospectus:
Within six months after successful completion of the preliminary examination, and with the counsel of her/his Dissertation Committee, the candidate will prepare a formal prospectus of 10-15 pages along with an accompanying bibliography. This prospectus, and the literary, methodological, generic, or other critical questions surrounding the candidate's topic, will provide the subject for a formal prospectus review.
Graduate faculty offer the following guidelines to help Ph.D. candidates prepare a prospectus.
The successful prospectus will include many, if not all, of the following:
*a cover page, including your name, projected dissertation title, and date;
*a formal table of contents;
*a cogent opening statement indicating what your thesis is and why it is significant (i.e., whether it will expand on or revise existing scholarship);
*a brief overview of the research you have conducted in relation to your thesis;
*an analysis of the specific issues you seek to address;
*an explanation of your methodology (i.e., both the theoretical works you will use and how they affect your critical orientation);
You may divide your prospectus into sections or construct a holistic prospectus--that is, one that appears as a continuous essay without any sections. (See the Graduate Program Administrative Assistant in the English office for examples of previously approved prospectuses.)
You may wish to consider the advice offered by Robert L. Peters in Getting What You Came For (New York: Farrar, 1992) and by David Madsen in Successful Dissertations and Theses (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1983). These two reference works expertly expand upon the guidelines presented here.
A standard prospectus review consists of a fifteen-minute presentation concisely articulating the thesis. Then, the Dissertation Committee and up to three Graduate Faculty members from within and without the department will, in the remaining 45 minutes, question the Ph.D. candidate on her/his dissertation prospectus.
SUGGESTED MODELS: RELIGION COURSES
Students are able to pick from a variety of courses in the Religion Department to pursue their research interests. The following are suggested models of course sequences:
Model One: Biblical Studies (a three-course sequence that would be appropriate for students seeking a background in Christian theology):
4301 Introduction to Old Testament Literature: Analysis of the literature of the Old Testament, examining various methodologies, both historical and contemporary, in Old Testament study. Attention will be given to relevant bibliography, leading scholars, and major issues in current Old Testament study.
4311 Introduction to New Testament Literature: Analysis of the literature of the New Testament, examining various methodologies, both historical and contemporary, in New Testament study. Attention will be given to relevant bibliography, leading scholars, and major issues in current New Testament study.
5305 Seminar in the Writings: A designated portion of the Old Testament scriptures chosen from the Latter Prophets. Attention will be given to critical and theological problems, relevant bibliography, contributions of significant scholars, and contemporary issues in interpretation.
5311 Contemporary Issues in New Testament Study: A selected major issue in contemporary New Testament scholarship.
5315 Seminar in Acts, Hebrews, and the General Epistles: A designated portion of the New Testament scriptures chosen from Acts, Hebrews, or the General Epistles. Attention will be given to critical and theological problems, relevant bibliography, contributions of significant scholars, and contemporary issues in interpretation.
Model Two: Historical Studies (a three-course sequence for students seeking a broader exposure to world religions):
4345 Religions That Shaped the Western World: Religions of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, and the great Near Eastern faiths of Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
4346 Religions of India, China, and Japan: Major Asian religions which have largely molded the great civilizations of India, China, and Japan: Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Taoism, Confucianism, and Shintoism.
5346 Judaism and Islam: Two Near Eastern faiths -- their beliefs, historical relationship to Christianity, and interpretation of the Christian faith.
5347 Religions of India: Brahmanic, mystical, and popular traditions in India from the Vedas to modern times.
5348 Judaism in the Post-Holocaust Era: A thematic treatment of contemporary Judasim as it has been affected by the Jewish experiences of the Holocaust during the Third Reich of Nazi Germany. The course will include attention to post-Holocaust Jewish writers and to contemporary Jewish-Christian dialogue.
Model Three: Theological Studies/Church History(a three-course sequence for students seeking a broader exposure to theological and historical issues):
4352 History of Christian Theology I: A critical analysis of the major developments of the first eight centuries of Christian theology, beginning with the post-Apostolic period and ending with the last of the seven ecumenical councils in 787 CE. Special attention will be given to the theological controversies which led to the formation of the Christian communityG«ôs central doctrines: God as Triune, Jesus Christ as divine and human, and salvation as divine action and human response. Readings include works by Irenaeus, Origen, Athanasius, the Cappadocians, Augustine, John of Damascus and others.
4353 History of Christian Theology II: A critical analysis of the major developments of Christian theology, primarily in the West, from the ninth through the mid-seventeenth centuries. Particular attention will be paid to the great theological systems of the Middle Ages and to the theological aims of the sixteenth-century reforming movements. Readings include works by Anselm, Aquinas, Julian of Norwich, Luther, Calvin, Teresa of Avila and others.
4354 History of Christian Theology III: A critical analysis of the major developments of Christian theology in the modern period from the late-seventeenth century to the present. Special attention will be given to the rise of modern, historical, and philosophical perspectives which challenge traditional Christian claims and to the appropriation and criticism of these perspectives in modern theology. Readings include works by Locke, Kant, Schleiermacher, Hegel, Barth, Rahner, Gutierrez, and others.
5356 Contemporary Systematic Theologies: Systematic theology as a genre of theology within the Christian tradition. Emphasis will be placed on systematic theologies written after Barth and Tillich. Analysis of these works will focus on questions of method as well as content. Special attention will be paid to issues related to such developments as liberation and feminist theology and postmodern thought.
5360 Contemporary Theological Problems: Important theological problems which confront the theologian and the Christian community today. Problems such as faith and science, theological language, evil, theology and history, and Christian selfhood and modern psychology will be studied. Both historical and contemporary attempts to deal with the problems will be considered.
Revised Fall, 2003